Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:03:22 -0600
Update Date2015-09-13 12:56:09 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB01006
Identification
Name:Argininosuccinic acid
DescriptionArginosuccinic acid is a basic amino acid. Some cells synthesize it from citrulline, aspartic acid and use it as a precursor for arginine in the urea cycle or citrulline-NO cycle. The enzyme that catalyzes the reaction is argininosuccinate synthetase. Argininosuccinic acid is a precursor to fumarate in the citric acid cycle via argininosuccinate lyase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 2-(N(Omega)-L-arginine)succinate
  • 2-(N(Omega)-L-arginine)succinic acid
  • 2-(N(Omega)-L-arginino)succinate
  • 2-(N(Omega)-L-arginino)succinic acid
  • 2-(Nw-L-arginino)butanedioate
  • 2-(Nw-L-arginino)butanedioic acid
  • Argininosuccinate
  • Argininosuccinic acid
  • Arginosuccinate
  • Arginosuccinic acid
  • ArgSuccinate
  • ArgSuccinic acid
  • ASA
  • L-Argininosuccinate
  • L-Argininosuccinic acid
  • L-Arginosuccinate
  • L-Arginosuccinic acid
  • N(Omega)-(L-arginino)succinate
  • N(Omega)-(L-arginino)succinic acid
  • N-(((4-Amino-4-carboxybutyl)amino)iminomethyl)-L-Aspartate
  • N-(((4-Amino-4-carboxybutyl)amino)iminomethyl)-L-Aspartic acid
  • N-(L-Arginino) succinate
  • N-(L-Arginino) succinic acid
  • N-(L-Arginino)succinate
  • N-(L-Arginino)succinic acid
  • N-[(4-Amino-4-carboxybutyl)amidino]-L-Aspartate
  • N-[(4-Amino-4-carboxybutyl)amidino]-L-Aspartic acid
  • N-[[(4-Amino-4-carboxybutyl)amino]iminomethyl]-L-Aspartate
  • N-[[(4-Amino-4-carboxybutyl)amino]iminomethyl]-L-Aspartic acid
Chemical Formula:C10H18N4O6
Weight:Average: 290.2731
Monoisotopic: 290.122634328
InChI Key:KDZOASGQNOPSCU-WDSKDSINSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C10H18N4O6/c11-5(8(17)18)2-1-3-13-10(12)14-6(9(19)20)4-7(15)16/h5-6H,1-4,11H2,(H,15,16)(H,17,18)(H,19,20)(H3,12,13,14)/t5-,6-/m0/s1
CAS number:2387-71-5
IUPAC Name:(2S)-2-{N'-[(4S)-4-amino-4-carboxybutyl]carbamimidamido}butanedioic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:argininosuccinic acid
SMILES:N[C@@H](CCCNC(=N)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O)C(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aspartic acid and derivatives. Aspartic acid and derivatives are compounds containing an aspartic acid or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of aspartic acid at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAspartic acid and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aspartic acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Guanidine
  • Amino acid
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Carboximidamide
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-1
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.46 g/LALOGPS
logP-3.2ALOGPS
logP-5.8ChemAxon
logS-2.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.14ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)12.39ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area185.83 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity75.31 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability27.6 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Aspartate metabolismPW000787 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
arginine metabolismPW000790 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:Not Available
Concentrations
Not Available
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0007-0921100000-638b5887a29712423afdView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0007-8790000000-bc8aa39ecc71a1589298View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-4101900000-c606d87ec7ffb8ef2cfaView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_5) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_6) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_7) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_5) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_6) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_7) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_8) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_9) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_10) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_11) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_12) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_13) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0090000000-27e7b2225bca7ed0bfefView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-00di-0390000000-b66871354ad66743ff5fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-001i-1910000000-777b6f2263b573f38bcaView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-001i-3900000000-26d6466903550c40fde6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-001r-8900000000-4e5455a5af85574ac9dfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000i-0090000000-27e7b2225bca7ed0bfefView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-00di-0390000000-655dfb0c97f01ee6e43fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-001i-1910000000-8d0c94b1fb9473ea0593View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-001i-3900000000-26d6466903550c40fde6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-001r-8900000000-4e5455a5af85574ac9dfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-0090000000-79b7ca9043632dc877e1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-0590000000-8fb4f4625f241d387e92View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-06di-3910000000-55530a4477a3fde8c1c1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-00di-9200000000-413c3029964c0386047aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-6ffc3b2b5da5f69de80bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-060r-0950000000-129ee81e1370707d975dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-0910000000-62431d9967ced6c96b28View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-03di-1980000000-27b5f442d411115ebaabView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-b57bcbf0c07e921767afView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0006-3900000000-1fce5114c61349fc9065View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-25c094a4a18cfe463b6bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-00di-9200000000-e518e242f12e95bbddf9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-932dfd009a8e5c41ec38View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0006-0090000000-79b7ca9043632dc877e1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0006-0590000000-80cd6a7bf03dd86781b0View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Au WL, Lim TC, Seow DC, Koh PL, Loh NK, Lim MS, Tan IK, Yee WC: Serial diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in adult-onset citrullinaemia. J Neurol Sci. 2003 May 15;209(1-2):101-4. Pubmed: 12686410
  • Cohen BD: Methyl group deficiency and guanidino production in uremia. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Feb;244(1-2):31-6. Pubmed: 12701806
  • Fleisher LD, Rassin DK, Desnick RJ, Salwen HR, Rogers P, Bean M, Gaull GE: Argininosuccinic aciduria: prenatal studies in a family at risk. Am J Hum Genet. 1979 Jul;31(4):439-45. Pubmed: 484552
  • Glick NR, Snodgrass PJ, Schafer IA: Neonatal argininosuccinic aciduria with normal brain and kidney but absent liver argininosuccinate lyase activity. Am J Hum Genet. 1976 Jan;28(01):22-30. Pubmed: 174426
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Kleijer WJ, Garritsen VH, Linnebank M, Mooyer P, Huijmans JG, Mustonen A, Simola KO, Arslan-Kirchner M, Battini R, Briones P, Cardo E, Mandel H, Tschiedel E, Wanders RJ, Koch HG: Clinical, enzymatic, and molecular genetic characterization of a biochemical variant type of argininosuccinic aciduria: prenatal and postnatal diagnosis in five unrelated families. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2002 Sep;25(5):399-410. Pubmed: 12408190
  • Michels VV, Beaudet AL: Arginase deficiency in multiple tissues in argininemia. Clin Genet. 1978 Jan;13(1):61-7. Pubmed: 624188
  • Pelli N, Fensom AH, Slade C, Boa F, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D: Argininosuccinate lyase: a new autoantigen in liver disease. Clin Exp Immunol. 1998 Dec;114(3):455-61. Pubmed: 9844057
  • Reid Sutton V, Pan Y, Davis EC, Craigen WJ: A mouse model of argininosuccinic aciduria: biochemical characterization. Mol Genet Metab. 2003 Jan;78(1):11-6. Pubmed: 12559843
  • Scaglia F, Brunetti-Pierri N, Kleppe S, Marini J, Carter S, Garlick P, Jahoor F, O'Brien W, Lee B: Clinical consequences of urea cycle enzyme deficiencies and potential links to arginine and nitric oxide metabolism. J Nutr. 2004 Oct;134(10 Suppl):2775S-2782S; discussion 2796S-2797S. Pubmed: 15465784
  • Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411
  • Wasant P, Srisomsap C, Liammongkolkul S, Svasti J: Urea cycle disorders in Thai infants: a report of 5 cases. J Med Assoc Thai. 2002 Aug;85 Suppl 2:S720-31. Pubmed: 12403252
  • Winder, C. L., Dunn, W. B., Schuler, S., Broadhurst, D., Jarvis, R., Stephens, G. M., Goodacre, R. (2008). "Global metabolic profiling of Escherichia coli cultures: an evaluation of methods for quenching and extraction of intracellular metabolites." Anal Chem 80:2939-2948. Pubmed: 18331064
Synthesis Reference:Hagino, Koji; Nakanishi, Toshihide. Fermentative production of L-arginosuccinic acid. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (1980), 3 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15682
HMDB IDHMDB00052
Pubchem Compound ID439998
Kegg IDC03406
ChemSpider ID17215918
WikipediaArgininosuccinic acid
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in argininosuccinate synthase activity
Specific function:
ATP + L-citrulline + L-aspartate = AMP + diphosphate + N(omega)-(L-arginino)succinate
Gene Name:
argG
Uniprot ID:
P0A6E4
Molecular weight:
49898
Reactions
ATP + L-citrulline + L-aspartate = AMP + diphosphate + N(omega)-(L-arginino)succinate.
General function:
Involved in argininosuccinate lyase activity
Specific function:
2-(N(omega)-L-arginino)succinate = fumarate + L-arginine
Gene Name:
argH
Uniprot ID:
P11447
Molecular weight:
50318
Reactions
2-(N(omega)-L-arginino)succinate = fumarate + L-arginine.