Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2015-09-08 19:03:33 -0600
Update Date2015-12-09 12:02:40 -0700
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB24358
Identification
Name:CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0/14:0/14:0)
DescriptionCL(16:1(9Z)/19:0/14:0/14:0) is a cardiolipin (CL). Cardiolipins are sometimes called a 'double' phospholipid because they have four fatty acid tails, instead of the usual two. CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0/14:0/14:0) contains one chain of (9Z-hexadecenoyl) at the C1 position, one chain of nonadecanoic acid at the C2 position, two chains of tetradecanoic acid at the C3 and C4 positions. While the theoretical charge of cardiolipins is -2, under normal physiological conditions (pH near 7), the molecule may carry only one negative charge. In prokaryotes such as E. coli, the enzyme known as diphosphatidylglycerol synthase catalyses the transfer of the phosphatidyl moiety of one phosphatidylglycerol to the free 3'-hydroxyl group of another, with the elimination of one molecule of glycerol. In E. coli, which acylates its glycerophospholipids with acyl chains ranging in length from 12 to 19 carbons and possibly containing an unsaturation, or a cyclopropane group more than 100 possible CL molecular species are theoretically possible. E. coli membranes consist of ~5% cardiolipin (CL), 20-25% phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and 70-80% phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as well as smaller amounts of phosphatidylserine (PS). CL is distributed between the two leaflets of the bilayers and is located preferentially at the poles and septa in E. coli and other rod-shaped bacteria. It is known that the polar positioning of the proline transporter ProP and the mechanosensitive ion channel MscS in E. coli is dependent on CL. It is believed that cell shape may influence the localization of CL and the localization of certain membrane proteins.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:Not Available
Chemical Formula:C72H138O17P2
Weight:Average: 1337.827
Monoisotopic: 1336.94092698
InChI Key:GINRFXXPRHPQKI-RKKPWLOXSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C72H138O17P2/c1-5-9-13-17-21-25-29-31-32-33-35-39-43-47-51-55-59-72(77)89-68(63-83-70(75)57-53-49-45-41-38-34-30-26-22-18-14-10-6-2)65-87-91(80,81)85-61-66(73)60-84-90(78,79)86-64-67(88-71(76)58-54-50-46-42-37-28-24-20-16-12-8-4)62-82-69(74)56-52-48-44-40-36-27-23-19-15-11-7-3/h26,30,66-68,73H,5-25,27-29,31-65H2,1-4H3,(H,78,79)(H,80,81)/b30-26-/t66-,67-,68-/m1/s1
CAS number:Not Available
IUPAC Name:[(2R)-3-({[(2R)-2,3-bis(tetradecanoyloxy)propoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy][(2R)-3-[(9Z)-hexadec-9-enoyloxy]-2-(nonadecanoyloxy)propoxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:(2R)-3-{[(2R)-2,3-bis(tetradecanoyloxy)propoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}-2-hydroxypropoxy((2R)-3-[(9Z)-hexadec-9-enoyloxy]-2-(nonadecanoyloxy)propoxy)phosphinic acid
SMILES:[H][C@@](O)(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCC)COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cardiolipins. These are glycerophospholipids in which the O1 and O3 oxygen atoms of the central glycerol moiety are each linked to one 1,2-diacylglycerol chain. Their general formula is OC(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R1])O[R2])COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R3])O[R4], where R1-R4 are four fatty acyl chains.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoglycerophosphoglycerols
Direct ParentCardiolipins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cardiolipin
  • Tetracarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
State:Not Available
Charge:-2
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility8.1e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP8.87ALOGPS
logP22.91ChemAxon
logS-7.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area236.95 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count76ChemAxon
Refractivity366.62 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability160.55 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Membrane
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0/14:0/14:0))PW001960 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways:Not Available
EcoCyc Pathways:Not Available
Concentrations
ConcentrationStrainMediaGrowth StatusGrowth SystemTemperatureDetails
0.03562± 0.0 uMK12Luria-Bertani (LB) mediaStationary phase cultures (overnight culture)Shake flask37 oCPMID: 22956318
Find out more about how we convert literature concentrations.
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-07br-3595211230-f9ad71b030d390da73adView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0671-2592122210-ac1e8c399b7e6dfe9bd1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0670-1191212100-3225b6ba5d51876f7ca5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0kbr-1191000000-8dc22456a1168a0bd6fdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-3090010010-46c4e3600707da8418fbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9070011000-2937e1d92b36c735b0e2View in MoNA
References
References:
  • De Siervo, A. J. (1969). "Alterations in the phospholipid composition of Escherichia coli B during growth at different temperatures." J Bacteriol 100:1342-1349. Pubmed: 4902814
  • Garrett, T. A., O'Neill, A. C., Hopson, M. L. (2012). "Quantification of cardiolipin molecular species in Escherichia coli lipid extracts using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry." Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 26:2267-2274. Pubmed: 22956318
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Uniprot Consortium (2012). "Reorganizing the protein space at the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt)." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D71-D75. Pubmed: 22102590
  • Yurtsever D. (2007). Fatty acid methyl ester profiling of Enterococcus and Esherichia coli for microbial source tracking. M.sc. Thesis. Villanova University: U.S.A
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
cardiolipin biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the synthesis of cardiolipin (CL) (diphosphatidylglycerol) from phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE).
Gene Name:
clsC
Uniprot ID:
P75919
Molecular weight:
53665
Reactions
Phosphatidylglycerol + phosphatidylethanolamine = diphosphatidylglycerol + ethanolamine