Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 14:01:05 -0600
Update Date2015-06-03 15:54:34 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB03942
Identification
Name:(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA
Description(S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid metabolism, being the substrate of the enzymes beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase [EC 1.1.1.211-1.1.1.35]; (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid elongation, the substrate of the enzymes enoyl-CoA hydratase and long-chain-enoyl-CoA hydratase [EC 4.2.1.17-4.2.1.74]. (KEGG)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • (S)-3-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA
  • (S)-3-Hydroxyhexanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • S-(3-hydroxyhexanoate
  • S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoate)
  • S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoate)CoA
  • S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoate)Coenzyme A
  • S-(3-hydroxyhexanoic acid
  • S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoic acid)
  • S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoic acid)CoA
  • S-(3-Hydroxyhexanoic acid)coenzyme A
  • [R,S]-Lactyl CoA
  • [R,S]-Lactyl Coenzyme A
Chemical Formula:C27H46N7O18P3S
Weight:Average: 881.677
Monoisotopic: 881.183287929
InChI Key:VAAHKRMGOFIORX-DWUFXMDISA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C27H46N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-15(35)10-18(37)56-9-8-29-17(36)6-7-30-25(40)22(39)27(2,3)12-49-55(46,47)52-54(44,45)48-11-16-21(51-53(41,42)43)20(38)26(50-16)34-14-33-19-23(28)31-13-32-24(19)34/h13-16,20-22,26,35,38-39H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,29,36)(H,30,40)(H,44,45)(H,46,47)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,41,42,43)/t15-,16+,20+,21+,22?,26+/m0/s1
CAS number:74875-70-0
IUPAC Name:4-({[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-2-hydroxy-N-{2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxyhexanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)-C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl]ethyl}-3,3-dimethylbutanimidic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:(S)-hydroxyhexanoyl-coa
SMILES:CCC[C@H](O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as (s)-3-hydroxyacyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a (S)-3-hydroxyl acylated coenzyme A derivative.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent(S)-3-hydroxyacyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-4
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
LogP:-3.019PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.71 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.28ALOGPS
logP-4.8ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)6.42ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count20ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area390.84 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity193.2 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability79.92 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Fatty acid metabolismPW000796 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
fatty acid oxidation (hexanoate)PW001019 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:Not Available
Concentrations
Not Available
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000130-9d32f1a7db66966548f9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0913000000-325a72f7e906068360b8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911000000-391d16b13e4ae8bf53deView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-5911140350-4d35b969b1c6af839051View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3910110010-ec218967cee87cdd7488View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-4900100000-f4b7577fa42ccd3e2deeView in MoNA
References
References:
  • Dalluge JJ, Gort S, Hobson R, Selifonova O, Amore F, Gokarn R: Separation and identification of organic acid-coenzyme A thioesters using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2002 Nov;374(5):835-40. Epub 2002 Oct 8. Pubmed: 12434239
  • Hofmeister AE, Buckel W: (R)-lactyl-CoA dehydratase from Clostridium propionicum. Stereochemistry of the dehydration of (R)-2-hydroxybutyryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA. Eur J Biochem. 1992 Jun 1;206(2):547-52. Pubmed: 1597194
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Kim J, Hetzel M, Boiangiu CD, Buckel W: Dehydration of (R)-2-hydroxyacyl-CoA to enoyl-CoA in the fermentation of alpha-amino acids by anaerobic bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2004 Oct;28(4):455-68. Pubmed: 15374661
  • Klees AG, Linder D, Buckel W: 2-Hydroxyglutaryl-CoA dehydratase from Fusobacterium nucleatum (subsp. nucleatum): an iron-sulfur flavoprotein. Arch Microbiol. 1992;158(4):294-301. Pubmed: 1417419
  • Kuchta RD, Abeles RH: Lactate reduction in Clostridium propionicum. Purification and properties of lactyl-CoA dehydratase. J Biol Chem. 1985 Oct 25;260(24):13181-9. Pubmed: 4055736
  • Kuchta RD, Hanson GR, Holmquist B, Abeles RH: Fe-S centers in lactyl-CoA dehydratase. Biochemistry. 1986 Nov 18;25(23):7301-7. Pubmed: 3026450
  • Megraw RE, Reeves HC, Ajl SJ: Formation of lactyl-coenzyme A and pyruvyl-coenzyme A from lactic acid by Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1965 Oct;90(4):984-8. Pubmed: 5321404
  • Sokatch JR: Alanine and aspartate formation during growth on valine-C14 by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Bacteriol. 1966 Jul;92(1):72-5. Pubmed: 4957438
Synthesis Reference:Tamvakopoulos, Constantine S.; Anderson, Vernon E. Detection of acyl-coenzyme A thioester intermediates of fatty acid b-oxidation as the N-acylglycines by negative-ion chemical ionization gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID28276
HMDB IDHMDB03942
Pubchem Compound ID440609
Kegg IDC05268
ChemSpider ID389507
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of an hydroxyacyl-CoA by addition of water on enoyl-CoA. Also exhibits 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA epimerase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activities. Involved in the aerobic and anaerobic degradation of long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
fadB
Uniprot ID:
P21177
Molecular weight:
79593
Reactions
(S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) = 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA = (R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA.
(3Z)-dodec-3-enoyl-CoA = (2E)-dodec-2-enoyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Could possibly oxidize fatty acids using specific components
Gene Name:
paaF
Uniprot ID:
P76082
Molecular weight:
27237
Reactions
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of an hydroxyacyl-CoA by addition of water on enoyl-CoA. Also exhibits 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA epimerase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activities. Strongly involved in the anaerobic degradation of long and medium-chain fatty acids in the presence of nitrate and weakly involved in the aerobic degradation of long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
fadJ
Uniprot ID:
P77399
Molecular weight:
77072
Reactions
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) = 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
(S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA = (R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA.

Transporters

General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of an hydroxyacyl-CoA by addition of water on enoyl-CoA. Also exhibits 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA epimerase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activities. Involved in the aerobic and anaerobic degradation of long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
fadB
Uniprot ID:
P21177
Molecular weight:
79593
Reactions
(S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) = 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
(3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA = trans-2(or 3)-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA = (R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA.
(3Z)-dodec-3-enoyl-CoA = (2E)-dodec-2-enoyl-CoA.
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Responsible for the intake of short-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
atoE
Uniprot ID:
P76460
Molecular weight:
47527