Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:54:21 -0600
Update Date2015-06-03 15:54:11 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB01550
Identification
Name:S-Formylglutathione
DescriptionS-Formylglutathione is formed from the oxidation of S-hydroxymethylglutathione by the enzyme formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH; EC 1.2.1.1) in the presence of NAD (PubMed ID 2806555)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • S-Formylglutathione
Chemical Formula:C11H17N3O7S
Weight:Average: 335.334
Monoisotopic: 335.078720603
InChI Key:FHXAGOICBFGEBF-BQBZGAKWSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C11H17N3O7S/c12-6(11(20)21)1-2-8(16)14-7(4-22-5-15)10(19)13-3-9(17)18/h5-7H,1-4,12H2,(H,13,19)(H,14,16)(H,17,18)(H,20,21)/t6-,7-/m0/s1
CAS number:50409-81-9
IUPAC Name:(2S)-2-amino-4-{[(1R)-1-[(carboxymethyl)carbamoyl]-2-(formylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}butanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:S-formylglutathione
SMILES:N[C@@H](CCC(=O)N[C@@H](CSC=O)C(=O)NCC(O)=O)C(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triacylglycerols. These are glycerides consisting of three fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerolipids
Sub ClassTriradylcglycerols
Direct ParentTriacylglycerols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Triacyl-sn-glycerol
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-1
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.62 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.9ALOGPS
logP-5.1ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.76ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.31ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area175.89 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity74.09 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability31.17 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:Not Available
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:
  • formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) PWY-1801
Concentrations
Not Available
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-5291000000-b6c23fa7c47e31aeddcbView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-023c-9313500000-1da9e85e107515d2bbe5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-05mx-1195000000-93ac994a9ac61ae6c14cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0fcc-4890000000-fbee4581354032da3ef0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0zos-3920000000-743fa6d73cbb62d84f60View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-1159000000-214301d7e8c99ddf96fdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-060r-3393000000-78df0617238659fc6300View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-03di-9300000000-0f76d8993b5fd4cd5b6bView in MoNA
References
References:
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Koivusalo M, Baumann M, Uotila L: Evidence for the identity of glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase and class III alcohol dehydrogenase. FEBS Lett. 1989 Oct 23;257(1):105-9. Pubmed: 2806555
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16225
HMDB IDHMDB01550
Pubchem Compound ID488
Kegg IDC01031
ChemSpider ID164320
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-548
EcoCyc IDCPD-548

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Has high formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity in the presence of glutathione and catalyzes the oxidation of normal alcohols in a reaction that is not GSH-dependent. In addition, hemithiolacetals other than those formed from GSH, including omega-thiol fatty acids, also are substrates
Gene Name:
frmA
Uniprot ID:
P25437
Molecular weight:
39359
Reactions
S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione + NAD(P)(+) = S-formylglutathione + NAD(P)H.
An alcohol + NAD(+) = an aldehyde or ketone + NADH.
General function:
Involved in carboxylesterase activity
Specific function:
Serine hydrolase involved in the detoxification of formaldehyde. Hydrolyzes S-formylglutathione to glutathione and formate. Shows also esterase activity against alpha-naphthyl acetate, lactoylglutathione, palmitoyl-CoA and several pNP-esters of short chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
yeiG
Uniprot ID:
P33018
Molecular weight:
31259
Reactions
S-formylglutathione + H(2)O = glutathione + formate.
General function:
Involved in carboxylesterase activity
Specific function:
Serine hydrolase involved in the detoxification of formaldehyde. Hydrolyzes S-formylglutathione to glutathione and formate. Shows also esterase activity against two pNP-esters (pNP- acetate and pNP-propionate), alpha-naphthyl acetate and lactoylglutathione
Gene Name:
frmB
Uniprot ID:
P51025
Molecular weight:
31424
Reactions
S-formylglutathione + H(2)O = glutathione + formate.
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Part of the binding-protein-dependent transport system for oligopeptides; probably responsible for the translocation of the substrate across the membrane
Gene Name:
oppB
Uniprot ID:
P0AFH2
Molecular weight:
33443
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Part of the binding-protein-dependent transport system for oligopeptides; probably responsible for the translocation of the substrate across the membrane
Gene Name:
oppC
Uniprot ID:
P0AFH6
Molecular weight:
33022

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Part of the binding-protein-dependent transport system for oligopeptides; probably responsible for the translocation of the substrate across the membrane
Gene Name:
oppB
Uniprot ID:
P0AFH2
Molecular weight:
33443
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Part of the binding-protein-dependent transport system for oligopeptides; probably responsible for the translocation of the substrate across the membrane
Gene Name:
oppC
Uniprot ID:
P0AFH6
Molecular weight:
33022