Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:54:15 -0600
Update Date2015-06-03 15:54:11 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB01546
Identification
Name:CDP
Description:Cytidine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) is cytosine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar (ribose) moiety.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • CDP
  • Cytidine-5'-diphosphate
  • Cytidine-5'-diphosphoric acid
  • Cytidine-diphosphate
  • Cytidine-diphosphoric acid
Chemical Formula:C9H15N3O11P2
Weight:Average: 403.1764
Monoisotopic: 403.018181361
InChI Key:ZWIADYZPOWUWEW-XVFCMESISA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C9H15N3O11P2/c10-5-1-2-12(9(15)11-5)8-7(14)6(13)4(22-8)3-21-25(19,20)23-24(16,17)18/h1-2,4,6-8,13-14H,3H2,(H,19,20)(H2,10,11,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
CAS number:63-38-7
IUPAC Name:[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:CDP
SMILES:NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as pyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphates. These are pyrimidine ribonucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
Sub ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • 1,2-diol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-2
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
LogP:2.44 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.1 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-3.6ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.77ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.52ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area221.67 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity76.29 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability31.39 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Pyrimidine metabolismPW000942 Pw000942Pw000942 greyscalePw000942 simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:
  • pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I PWY0-166
  • salvage pathways of pyrimidine ribonucleotides PWY0-163
Concentrations
ConcentrationStrainMediaGrowth StatusGrowth SystemTemperatureDetails
144± 0 uMBW2511348 mM Na2HPO4, 22 mM KH2PO4, 10 mM NaCl, 45 mM (NH4)2SO4, supplemented with 1 mM MgSO4, 1 mg/l thiamine·HCl, 5.6 mg/l CaCl2, 8 mg/l FeCl3, 1 mg/l MnCl2·4H2O, 1.7 mg/l ZnCl2, 0.43 mg/l CuCl2·2H2O, 0.6 mg/l CoCl2·2H2O and 0.6 mg/l Na2MoO4·2H2O. 4 g/L GlucoStationary Phase, glucose limitedBioreactor, pH controlled, O2 and CO2 controlled, dilution rate: 0.2/h37 oCPMID: 17379776
Find out more about how we convert literature concentrations.
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSsplash10-004i-5923000000-f7e7b227d8dab9e29e4bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-00di-3209010000-ff27ee45250db3e35193View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-f5d958a3ccf576052a6bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-00di-0390000000-0274cdf4190792442001View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-0udi-0009000000-2c8a9272dc29076a6167View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0kdi-9602700000-4b46ddc9506634a02dc5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-0a4i-0059000000-d598d99a604dda402181View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0udi-0003900000-69398917fb0c37a4304fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0zg0-0726900000-8d967e8ca6677a467fb8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0901000000-6aed044cc4135aa261dfView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-3900000000-92fac6a8baf47bac3014View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-5900000000-5ad7bca4dc732a0e3840View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0903300000-44d24cfda26f8f0a8d96View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9701000000-d96a23308bcfcf9cf55fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-d7e0d2a5e8d20180b483View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
References
References:
  • Carstensen S, Pliska-Matyshak G, Bhuvarahamurthy N, Robbins KM, Murthy PP: Biosynthesis and localization of phosphatidyl-scyllo-inositol in barley aleurone cells. Lipids. 1999 Jan;34(1):67-73. Pubmed: 10188599
  • George TP, Cook HW, Byers DM, Palmer FB, Spence MW: Inhibition of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis by cytochalasin B in cultured glioma cells: potential regulation of biosynthesis by Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jul 9;1084(2):185-93. Pubmed: 1854804
  • George TP, Morash SC, Cook HW, Byers DM, Palmer FB, Spence MW: Phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in cultured glioma cells: evidence for channeling of intermediates. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1989 Aug 22;1004(3):283-91. Pubmed: 2758024
  • Houtkooper RH, Akbari H, van Lenthe H, Kulik W, Wanders RJ, Frentzen M, Vaz FM: Identification and characterization of human cardiolipin synthase. FEBS Lett. 2006 May 29;580(13):3059-64. Epub 2006 Apr 27. Pubmed: 16678169
  • Houtkooper RH, Vaz FM: Cardiolipin, the heart of mitochondrial metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2008 Aug;65(16):2493-506. doi: 10.1007/s00018-008-8030-5. Pubmed: 18425414
  • Ishii, N., Nakahigashi, K., Baba, T., Robert, M., Soga, T., Kanai, A., Hirasawa, T., Naba, M., Hirai, K., Hoque, A., Ho, P. Y., Kakazu, Y., Sugawara, K., Igarashi, S., Harada, S., Masuda, T., Sugiyama, N., Togashi, T., Hasegawa, M., Takai, Y., Yugi, K., Arakawa, K., Iwata, N., Toya, Y., Nakayama, Y., Nishioka, T., Shimizu, K., Mori, H., Tomita, M. (2007). "Multiple high-throughput analyses monitor the response of E. coli to perturbations." Science 316:593-597. Pubmed: 17379776
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Lindblad L, Schersten T: Incorporation rate in vitro of choline and methyl-methionine into human hepatic lecithins. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1976;11(6):587-91. Pubmed: 981963
  • Nowicki M, Muller F, Frentzen M: Cardiolipin synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Lett. 2005 Apr 11;579(10):2161-5. Pubmed: 15811335
  • Riekhof WR, Voelker DR: Uptake and utilization of lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 2006 Dec 1;281(48):36588-96. Epub 2006 Oct 2. Pubmed: 17015438
  • Tsitolovskii LE, Kraevskii AA: [Possible relation between learning and non-template RNA synthesis in neurons]. Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 1982 Mar-Apr;32(2):284-91. Pubmed: 6178232
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Winder, C. L., Dunn, W. B., Schuler, S., Broadhurst, D., Jarvis, R., Stephens, G. M., Goodacre, R. (2008). "Global metabolic profiling of Escherichia coli cultures: an evaluation of methods for quenching and extraction of intracellular metabolites." Anal Chem 80:2939-2948. Pubmed: 18331064
Synthesis Reference:Chambers, Robert Warner; Shapiro, Philip; Kurkov, Viktor. Synthesis of cytidine 5'-diphosphate and guanosine 5'-diphosphate. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1960), 82 970-5.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17239
HMDB IDHMDB01546
Pubchem Compound ID6132
Kegg IDC00112
ChemSpider ID5902
WikipediaCDP
BioCyc IDCDP
EcoCyc IDCDP
Ligand ExpoCDP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidation-reduction process
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R1 contains the binding sites for both substrates and allosteric effectors and carries out the actual reduction of the ribonucleotide. It also provides redox- active cysteines
Gene Name:
nrdA
Uniprot ID:
P00452
Molecular weight:
85774
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in RNA binding
Specific function:
Involved in mRNA degradation. Hydrolyzes single-stranded polyribonucleotides processively in the 3'- to 5'-direction
Gene Name:
pnp
Uniprot ID:
P05055
Molecular weight:
77100
Reactions
RNA(n+1) + phosphate = RNA(n) + a nucleoside diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
ATP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + D- fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
Gene Name:
pfkB
Uniprot ID:
P06999
Molecular weight:
32456
Reactions
ATP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.
General function:
Involved in cytidylate kinase activity
Specific function:
ATP, dATP, and GTP are equally effective as phosphate donors. CMP and dCMP are the best phosphate acceptors
Gene Name:
cmk
Uniprot ID:
P0A6I0
Molecular weight:
24746
Reactions
ATP + (d)CMP = ADP + (d)CDP.
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Uniprot ID:
P0A763
Molecular weight:
15463
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + D- fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
Gene Name:
pfkA
Uniprot ID:
P0A796
Molecular weight:
34842
Reactions
ATP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Efficient electron donor for the essential enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. Is also able to reduce the interchain disulfide bridges of insulin
Gene Name:
trxC
Uniprot ID:
P0AGG4
Molecular weight:
15555
Reactions
Protein dithiol + NAD(P)(+) = protein disulfide + NAD(P)H.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R2F contains the tyrosyl radical required for catalysis
Gene Name:
nrdF
Uniprot ID:
P37146
Molecular weight:
36443
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in GTPase activity
Specific function:
May play a role in 30S ribosomal subunit biogenesis. Unusual circulary permuted GTPase that catalyzes rapid hydrolysis of GTP with a slow catalytic turnover. Dispensible for viability, but important for overall fitness. The intrinsic GTPase activity is stimulated by the presence of 30S (160-fold increase in kcat) or 70S (96 fold increase in kcat) ribosomes (PubMed:14973029). The GTPase is inhibited by aminoglycoside antibiotics such as neomycin and paromycin (PubMed:15466596) streptomycin and spectinomycin (PubMed:15828870). This inhibition is not due to competition for binding sites on the 30S or 70S ribosome (PubMed:15828870)
Gene Name:
rsgA
Uniprot ID:
P39286
Molecular weight:
39193
General function:
Involved in oxidation-reduction process
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R1E contains the binding sites for both substrates and allosteric effectors and carries out the actual reduction of the ribonucleotide
Gene Name:
nrdE
Uniprot ID:
P39452
Molecular weight:
80478
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. This small ubiquitous enzyme involved in the energy metabolism and nucleotide synthesis, is essential for maintenance and cell growth
Gene Name:
adk
Uniprot ID:
P69441
Molecular weight:
23586
Reactions
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R2 contains the tyrosyl radical required for catalysis
Gene Name:
nrdB
Uniprot ID:
P69924
Molecular weight:
43517
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Monothiol glutaredoxin involved in the biogenesis of iron-sulfur clusters (Probable)
Gene Name:
grxD
Uniprot ID:
P0AC69
Molecular weight:
12879
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
The disulfide bond functions as an electron carrier in the glutathione-dependent synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides by the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. In addition, it is also involved in reducing some disulfides in a coupled system with glutathione reductase
Gene Name:
grxC
Uniprot ID:
P0AC62
Molecular weight:
9137
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Involved in reducing some disulfides in a coupled system with glutathione reductase. Does not act as hydrogen donor for ribonucleotide reductase
Gene Name:
grxB
Uniprot ID:
P0AC59
Molecular weight:
24350
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
The disulfide bond functions as an electron carrier in the glutathione-dependent synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides by the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. In addition, it is also involved in reducing some disulfides in a coupled system with glutathione reductase
Gene Name:
grxA
Uniprot ID:
P68688
Molecular weight:
9685
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Participates in various redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide and catalyzes dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions
Gene Name:
trxA
Uniprot ID:
P0AA25
Molecular weight:
11807

Transporters

General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Uniprot ID:
P0A763
Molecular weight:
15463
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.