Record Information
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:03:16 -0600
Update Date2015-09-13 12:56:09 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB01003
Name:Adenosine phosphosulfate
DescriptionAdenosine phosphosulfate (also known as APS) is the initial compound formed by the action of ATP sulfurylase (or PAPS synthetase) on sulfate ions after sulfate uptake. PAPS synthetase 1 is a bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS), and the second step is the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to APS yielding 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate (PAPS).
  • Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
  • Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfuric acid
  • Adenosine 5'-phosphosulphate
  • Adenosine 5'-phosphosulphuric acid
  • Adenosine 5'-sulfatophosphate
  • Adenosine 5'-sulfatophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 5'-sulphatophosphate
  • Adenosine 5'-sulphatophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine Phosphosulfate
  • Adenosine phosphosulfuric acid
  • Adenosine Phosphosulphate
  • Adenosine phosphosulphuric acid
  • Adenosine sulfatophosphate
  • Adenosine sulfatophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine sulphatophosphate
  • Adenosine sulphatophosphoric acid
  • Adenylate monoanhydride with sulfate
  • Adenylate monoanhydride with sulfurate
  • Adenylate monoanhydride with sulfuric acid
  • Adenylate monoanhydride with sulphate
  • Adenylate monoanhydride with sulphurate
  • Adenylate monoanhydride with sulphuric acid
  • Adenylic acid monoanhydride with sulfurate
  • Adenylic acid monoanhydride with sulfuric acid
  • Adenylic acid monoanhydride with sulphuric acid
  • Adenylyl sulfate
  • Adenylyl sulfuric acid
  • Adenylyl sulphate
  • Adenylyl sulphuric acid
  • Adenylyl-sulfate
  • Adenylyl-sulfuric acid
  • Adenylyl-sulphate
  • Adenylyl-sulphuric acid
  • AMPS
  • APS
  • Phosphosulfate
  • Phosphosulfuric acid
  • Phosphosulphate
  • Phosphosulphuric acid
  • Sulfatophosphate
  • Sulfatophosphoric acid
  • Sulphatophosphate
  • Sulphatophosphoric acid
Chemical Formula:C10H14N5O10PS
Weight:Average: 427.284
Monoisotopic: 427.019898895
CAS number:485-84-7
IUPAC Name:[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]sulfonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:adenosine phosphosulfate
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carotenes. These are a type of unsaturated hydrocarbons containing eight consecutive isoprene units. They are characterized by the presence of two end-groups (mostly cyclohexene rings, but also cyclopentene rings or acyclic groups) linked by a long branched alkyl chain. Carotenes belonging form a subgroup of the carotenoids family.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassTetraterpenoids
Direct ParentCarotenes
Alternative Parents
  • Carotene
  • Branched unsaturated hydrocarbon
  • Unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon
  • Unsaturated hydrocarbon
  • Olefin
  • Acyclic olefin
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility3.29 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-2.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.94ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area229.44 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity84.06 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability35.07 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
SMPDB Pathways:
Sulfur metabolismPW000922 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
cysteine biosynthesisPW000800 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
sulfur metabolism (butanesulfonate)PW000923 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
sulfur metabolism (ethanesulfonate)PW000925 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
sulfur metabolism (isethionate)PW000926 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
sulfur metabolism (methanesulfonate)PW000927 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
sulfur metabolism (propanesulfonate)PW000924 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:
ConcentrationStrainMediaGrowth StatusGrowth SystemTemperatureDetails
7± 0 uMK12 NCM3722Gutnick minimal complete medium (4.7 g/L KH2PO4; 13.5 g/L K2HPO4; 1 g/L K2SO4; 0.1 g/L MgSO4-7H2O; 10 mM NH4Cl) with 4 g/L glucoseMid-Log PhaseShake flask and filter culture37 oCPMID: 19561621
Find out more about how we convert literature concentrations.
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004i-2911100000-c7b3ba6ec47b4fb3e832View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-055b-7693530000-45cc4add4821e6fea5efView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0912300000-29cd6f42fa9d4c6c4455View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0901000000-018ae7ee1fc1b662ec07View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-861a01467a0191dcd31aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0059-0901600000-785b903b29133cefd0bcView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-3900000000-d2245ba9a6f6bf6d0217View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-9700000000-3f4588ade18801775becView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
  • Al-Buheissi SZ, Patel HR, Meinl W, Hewer A, Bryan RL, Glatt H, Miller RA, Phillips DH: N-Acetyltransferase and sulfotransferase activity in human prostate: potential for carcinogen activation. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2006 Jun;16(6):391-9. Pubmed: 16708048
  • Bennett, B. D., Kimball, E. H., Gao, M., Osterhout, R., Van Dien, S. J., Rabinowitz, J. D. (2009). "Absolute metabolite concentrations and implied enzyme active site occupancy in Escherichia coli." Nat Chem Biol 5:593-599. Pubmed: 19561621
  • Chou HC, Lang NP, Kadlubar FF: Metabolic activation of N-hydroxy arylamines and N-hydroxy heterocyclic amines by human sulfotransferase(s). Cancer Res. 1995 Feb 1;55(3):525-9. Pubmed: 7834621
  • Eklund E, Roden L, Malmstrom M, Malmstrom A: Dermatan is a better substrate for 4-O-sulfation than chondroitin: implications in the generation of 4-O-sulfated, L-iduronate-rich galactosaminoglycans. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2000 Nov 15;383(2):171-7. Pubmed: 11185550
  • Eto Y, Tokoro T, Handa T, Herschkowitz NN, Rennert OM: Acid mucopolysaccharide (AMPS) abnormality in multiple sulfatase deficiency: chemical compositions of AMPS in urine and liver. Pediatr Res. 1982 May;16(5):395-9. Pubmed: 6212904
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keogh JR, Wolf MF, Overend ME, Tang L, Eaton JW: Biocompatibility of sulphonated polyurethane surfaces. Biomaterials. 1996 Oct;17(20):1987-94. Pubmed: 8894093
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Mateos-Trigos G, Evans RJ, Heath MF: Effects of P2Y(1) and P2Y(12) receptor antagonists on ADP-induced shape change of equine platelets: comparison with human platelets. Platelets. 2002 Aug-Sep;13(5-6):285-92. Pubmed: 12189014
  • Raju U, Kadner S, Levitz M, Kaganowicz A, Blaustein A: Glucosiduronidation and esterification of androsterone by human breast tumors in vitro. Steroids. 1981 Apr;37(4):399-407. Pubmed: 7245287
  • Slomiany BL, Liau YH, Sarosiek J, Tsukada H, Mizuta K, Rosenthal W, Slomiany A: Sulfation of glycolipids by human gastric mucosa in disease. Digestion. 1987;36(4):246-52. Pubmed: 3475228
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
External Links:
Pubchem Compound ID228
Kegg IDC00224
ChemSpider ID9821
Ligand ExpoADX


General function:
Involved in adenylylsulfate kinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the synthesis of activated sulfate
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
ATP + adenylyl sulfate = ADP + 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
ATP + sulfate = diphosphate + adenylyl sulfate
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
ATP + sulfate = diphosphate + adenylyl sulfate.
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Converts 3'(2')-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP) to AMP. May also convert adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS). Has 10000-fold lower activity towards inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (Ins(1,4)P2)
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + H(2)O = adenosine 5'-phosphate + phosphate.
General function:
Involved in GTPase activity
Specific function:
May be the GTPase, regulating ATP sulfurylase activity
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
ATP + sulfate = diphosphate + adenylyl sulfate.