Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:03:06 -0600
Update Date2015-06-03 15:53:39 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB00998
Identification
Name:dCTP
Description:Deoxycytidine triphosphate (dCTP) is a cytidine nucleotide triphosphate that is used whenever DNA is synthesized, such as in the polymerase chain reaction. e.g.:
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine-5'-triphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine-5'-triphosphoric acid
  • DCTP
  • Deoxy-CTP
  • Deoxycytidine-triphosphate
  • Deoxycytidine-triphosphoric acid
Chemical Formula:C9H16N3O13P3
Weight:Average: 467.1569
Monoisotopic: 466.989597149
InChI Key:RGWHQCVHVJXOKC-SHYZEUOFSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C9H16N3O13P3/c10-7-1-2-12(9(14)11-7)8-3-5(13)6(23-8)4-22-27(18,19)25-28(20,21)24-26(15,16)17/h1-2,5-6,8,13H,3-4H2,(H,18,19)(H,20,21)(H2,10,11,14)(H2,15,16,17)/t5-,6+,8+/m0/s1
CAS number:2056-98-6
IUPAC Name:({[({[(2R,3S,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3-hydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:dCTP
SMILES:NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@H]1C[C@H](O)[C@@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)O1
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. These are pyrimidine nucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
Sub ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Hydroxypyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Oxolane
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-3
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility11.8 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.52ALOGPS
logP-3.6ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.95ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.05ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area247.97 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity85.65 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability35.21 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Pyrimidine metabolismPW000942 Pw000942Pw000942 greyscalePw000942 simple
salvage pathways of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotidesPW002061 Pw002061Pw002061 greyscalePw002061 simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:
  • pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I PWY0-166
Concentrations
ConcentrationStrainMediaGrowth StatusGrowth SystemTemperatureDetails
34± 0 uMK12 NCM3722Gutnick minimal complete medium (4.7 g/L KH2PO4; 13.5 g/L K2HPO4; 1 g/L K2SO4; 0.1 g/L MgSO4-7H2O; 10 mM NH4Cl) with 4 g/L glucoseMid-Log PhaseShake flask and filter culture37 oCPMID: 19561621
17± 0 uMBW2511348 mM Na2HPO4, 22 mM KH2PO4, 10 mM NaCl, 45 mM (NH4)2SO4, supplemented with 1 mM MgSO4, 1 mg/l thiamine·HCl, 5.6 mg/l CaCl2, 8 mg/l FeCl3, 1 mg/l MnCl2·4H2O, 1.7 mg/l ZnCl2, 0.43 mg/l CuCl2·2H2O, 0.6 mg/l CoCl2·2H2O and 0.6 mg/l Na2MoO4·2H2O. 4 g/L GlucoStationary Phase, glucose limitedBioreactor, pH controlled, O2 and CO2 controlled, dilution rate: 0.2/h37 oCPMID: 17379776
Find out more about how we convert literature concentrations.
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-939cbd147b029e517cc1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-2911000000-f4b496ca2bd6dcb38361View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-4900000000-a5e5fd690ddf51310279View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00xu-4110900000-42349a9362c5d3d7c6efView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-057r-9540100000-7a06dee6889dcffec4e9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-9610000000-0a85daf50b374c5ac8baView in MoNA
References
References:
  • Bennett, B. D., Kimball, E. H., Gao, M., Osterhout, R., Van Dien, S. J., Rabinowitz, J. D. (2009). "Absolute metabolite concentrations and implied enzyme active site occupancy in Escherichia coli." Nat Chem Biol 5:593-599. Pubmed: 19561621
  • Brzezianska E, Zdzieszynska M, Gos R, Lewinski A: [Genetic analysis of rhodopsin and peripherin genes in patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) in Polish families] Klin Oczna. 2004;106(6):743-8. Pubmed: 15787173
  • Choi JY, Guengerich FP: Adduct size limits efficient and error-free bypass across bulky N2-guanine DNA lesions by human DNA polymerase eta. J Mol Biol. 2005 Sep 9;352(1):72-90. Pubmed: 16061253
  • Ishii, N., Nakahigashi, K., Baba, T., Robert, M., Soga, T., Kanai, A., Hirasawa, T., Naba, M., Hirai, K., Hoque, A., Ho, P. Y., Kakazu, Y., Sugawara, K., Igarashi, S., Harada, S., Masuda, T., Sugiyama, N., Togashi, T., Hasegawa, M., Takai, Y., Yugi, K., Arakawa, K., Iwata, N., Toya, Y., Nakayama, Y., Nishioka, T., Shimizu, K., Mori, H., Tomita, M. (2007). "Multiple high-throughput analyses monitor the response of E. coli to perturbations." Science 316:593-597. Pubmed: 17379776
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Moriarty TJ, Marie-Egyptienne DT, Autexier C: Regulation of 5' template usage and incorporation of noncognate nucleotides by human telomerase. RNA. 2005 Sep;11(9):1448-60. Pubmed: 16120835
  • van 't Wout AB: Gene expression profiling of HIV-1 infection using cDNA microarrays. Methods Mol Biol. 2005;304:455-9. Pubmed: 16061997
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Yamauchi T, Ueda T: A sensitive new method for clinically monitoring cytarabine concentrations at the DNA level in leukemic cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Jun 15;69(12):1795-803. Epub 2005 Apr 26. Pubmed: 15935150
Synthesis Reference:Hinz M; Gottschling D; Eritja R; Seliger H Synthesis and properties of 2'-deoxycytidine triphosphate carrying c-myc tag sequence. Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids (2000), 19(10-12), 1543-52.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16311
HMDB IDHMDB00998
Pubchem Compound ID625
Kegg IDC00458
ChemSpider ID58601
WikipediadCTP
BioCyc IDDCTP
EcoCyc IDDCTP
Ligand ExpoDCP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in nucleic acid binding
Specific function:
In addition to polymerase activity, this DNA polymerase exhibits 3' to 5' and 5' to 3' exonuclease activity. It is able to utilize nicked circular duplex DNA as a template and can unwind the parental DNA strand from its template
Gene Name:
polA
Uniprot ID:
P00582
Molecular weight:
103117
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. The epsilon subunit contain the editing function and is a proofreading 3'-5' exonuclease
Gene Name:
dnaQ
Uniprot ID:
P03007
Molecular weight:
27099
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
The gamma chain seems to interact with the delta subunit to transfer the beta subunit on the DNA
Gene Name:
dnaX
Uniprot ID:
P06710
Molecular weight:
71137
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Uniprot ID:
P0A763
Molecular weight:
15463
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP
Gene Name:
udk
Uniprot ID:
P0A8F4
Molecular weight:
24353
Reactions
ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP.
ATP + cytidine = ADP + CMP.
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The beta chain is required for initiation of replication once it is clamped onto DNA, it slides freely (bidirectional and ATP- independent) along duplex DNA
Gene Name:
dnaN
Uniprot ID:
P0A988
Molecular weight:
40586
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in [formate-C-acetyltransferase]-activating enzyme activity
Specific function:
Activation of anaerobic ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase under anaerobic conditions by generation of an organic free radical, using S-adenosylmethionine and reduced flavodoxin as cosubstrates to produce 5'-deoxy-adenosine
Gene Name:
nrdG
Uniprot ID:
P0A9N8
Molecular weight:
17446
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
The exact function of the theta subunit is unknown
Gene Name:
holE
Uniprot ID:
P0ABS8
Molecular weight:
8846
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphatase activity
Specific function:
Specific function unknown
Gene Name:
mazG
Uniprot ID:
P0AEY3
Molecular weight:
30412
Reactions
ATP + H(2)O = AMP + diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in 3'-5' exonuclease activity
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The alpha chain is the DNA polymerase
Gene Name:
dnaE
Uniprot ID:
P10443
Molecular weight:
129903
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in dCTP deaminase activity
Specific function:
dCTP + H(2)O = dUTP + NH(3)
Gene Name:
dcd
Uniprot ID:
P28248
Molecular weight:
21249
Reactions
dCTP + H(2)O = dUTP + NH(3).
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The delta subunit seems to interact with the gamma subunit to transfer the beta subunit on the DNA
Gene Name:
holA
Uniprot ID:
P28630
Molecular weight:
38703
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity
Gene Name:
holB
Uniprot ID:
P28631
Molecular weight:
36936
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The exact function of the psi subunit is unknown
Gene Name:
holD
Uniprot ID:
P28632
Molecular weight:
15174
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Transports electrons between flavodoxin or ferredoxin and NADPH. Involved in the reductive activation of cobalamin- independent methionine synthase, pyruvate formate lyase and anaerobic ribonucleotide reductase. Also protects against superoxide radicals due to methyl viologen in the presence of oxygen
Gene Name:
fpr
Uniprot ID:
P28861
Molecular weight:
27751
Reactions
2 reduced ferredoxin + NADP(+) + H(+) = 2 oxidized ferredoxin + NADPH.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin
Gene Name:
nrdD
Uniprot ID:
P28903
Molecular weight:
80022
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity
Gene Name:
holC
Uniprot ID:
P28905
Molecular weight:
16633
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on acid anhydrides, in phosphorus-containing anhydrides
Specific function:
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of nucleoside triphosphates, with a preference for pyrimidine deoxynucleoside triphosphates (dUTP, dTTP and dCTP)
Gene Name:
nudI
Uniprot ID:
P52006
Molecular weight:
16371
Reactions
Nucleoside triphosphate + H(2)O = nucleoside monophosphate + diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. This small ubiquitous enzyme involved in the energy metabolism and nucleotide synthesis, is essential for maintenance and cell growth
Gene Name:
adk
Uniprot ID:
P69441
Molecular weight:
23586
Reactions
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP.
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Specific for pyrimidine substrates. Acts on 5-methyl- dCTP, CTP and dCTP in decreasing order
Gene Name:
nudG
Uniprot ID:
P77788
Molecular weight:
15046
Reactions
CTP + H(2)O = CMP + diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in FMN binding
Specific function:
Low-potential electron donor to a number of redox enzymes (Potential)
Gene Name:
fldB
Uniprot ID:
P0ABY4
Molecular weight:
19700
General function:
Involved in FMN binding
Specific function:
Low-potential electron donor to a number of redox enzymes (Potential). Involved in the reactivation of inactive cob(II)alamin in methionine synthase
Gene Name:
fldA
Uniprot ID:
P61949
Molecular weight:
19737

Transporters

General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Uniprot ID:
P0A763
Molecular weight:
15463
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.