Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:02:34 -0600
Update Date2015-09-17 15:41:06 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB00960
Identification
Name:dGDP
Description:Deoxyguanosine diphosphate or dGDP is a member of the chemical class known as Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside Diphosphates. These are purine nucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking an hydroxyl group at position 2. DGDP is invovled in Purine metabolism. It is related to the common nucleic acid GTP, or guanosine triphosphate, with the -OH (hydroxyl) group on the 2' carbon on the nucleotide's pentose removed (hence the deoxy- part of the name), and with one fewer phosphoryl group than GTP.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 2'-Deoxy-GDP
  • 2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-diphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-diphosphoric acid
  • 5'-dGDP
  • Deoxyguanosine 5'-diphosphate
  • Deoxyguanosine 5'-diphosphoric acid
  • Deoxyguanosine diphosphate
  • Deoxyguanosine diphosphoric acid
  • Deoxyguanosine-diphosphate
  • Deoxyguanosine-diphosphoric acid
  • DGDP
Chemical Formula:C10H15N5O10P2
Weight:Average: 427.2011
Monoisotopic: 427.029414749
InChI Key:CIKGWCTVFSRMJU-KVQBGUIXSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C10H15N5O10P2/c11-10-13-8-7(9(17)14-10)12-3-15(8)6-1-4(16)5(24-6)2-23-27(21,22)25-26(18,19)20/h3-6,16H,1-2H2,(H,21,22)(H2,18,19,20)(H3,11,13,14,17)/t4-,5+,6+/m0/s1
CAS number:102783-74-4
IUPAC Name:[({[5-(2-amino-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro-3H-purin-9-yl)-3-hydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:deoxyguanosine diphosphate
SMILES:NC1=NC2=C(N=CN2[C@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)O2)C(=O)N1
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphates. These are purine nucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
Sub ClassPurine nucleotides
Direct ParentPurine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate
  • 6-oxopurine
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidone
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
State:Not Available
Charge:-2
Melting point:Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.37 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-2.8ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.71ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)2.57ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area228.05 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity84.42 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability34.81 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesisPW000910 Pw000910Pw000910 greyscalePw000910 simple
purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis 1435709748PW000960 Pw000960Pw000960 greyscalePw000960 simple
purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis 2PW002033 Pw002033Pw002033 greyscalePw002033 simple
KEGG Pathways:Not Available
EcoCyc Pathways:
  • guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis PWY-6125
Concentrations
Not Available
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900100000-f4f358dc2b1e20a9159cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-fcba058e2b2acaf94cb5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-fa3b18c6714fdc0ddea3View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0501900000-fe840a4cd42c2a9f01a0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-6900000000-308b2de7e3fc1a9a2ea0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-bbde619c06d1a440bbe8View in MoNA
References
References:
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00960
Pubchem Compound ID644
Kegg IDC00361
ChemSpider ID624
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDDGDP
EcoCyc IDDGDP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidation-reduction process
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R1 contains the binding sites for both substrates and allosteric effectors and carries out the actual reduction of the ribonucleotide. It also provides redox- active cysteines
Gene Name:
nrdA
Uniprot ID:
P00452
Molecular weight:
85774
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Uniprot ID:
P0A763
Molecular weight:
15463
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP
Gene Name:
udk
Uniprot ID:
P0A8F4
Molecular weight:
24353
Reactions
ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP.
ATP + cytidine = ADP + CMP.
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
Gene Name:
pykF
Uniprot ID:
P0AD61
Molecular weight:
50729
Reactions
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate.
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Efficient electron donor for the essential enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. Is also able to reduce the interchain disulfide bridges of insulin
Gene Name:
trxC
Uniprot ID:
P0AGG4
Molecular weight:
15555
Reactions
Protein dithiol + NAD(P)(+) = protein disulfide + NAD(P)H.
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
Gene Name:
pykA
Uniprot ID:
P21599
Molecular weight:
51357
Reactions
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin
Gene Name:
nrdD
Uniprot ID:
P28903
Molecular weight:
80022
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R2F contains the tyrosyl radical required for catalysis
Gene Name:
nrdF
Uniprot ID:
P37146
Molecular weight:
36443
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in oxidation-reduction process
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R1E contains the binding sites for both substrates and allosteric effectors and carries out the actual reduction of the ribonucleotide
Gene Name:
nrdE
Uniprot ID:
P39452
Molecular weight:
80478
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Essential for recycling GMP and indirectly, cGMP
Gene Name:
gmk
Uniprot ID:
P60546
Molecular weight:
23593
Reactions
ATP + GMP = ADP + GDP.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. This small ubiquitous enzyme involved in the energy metabolism and nucleotide synthesis, is essential for maintenance and cell growth
Gene Name:
adk
Uniprot ID:
P69441
Molecular weight:
23586
Reactions
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R2 contains the tyrosyl radical required for catalysis
Gene Name:
nrdB
Uniprot ID:
P69924
Molecular weight:
43517
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside diphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Monothiol glutaredoxin involved in the biogenesis of iron-sulfur clusters (Probable)
Gene Name:
grxD
Uniprot ID:
P0AC69
Molecular weight:
12879
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
The disulfide bond functions as an electron carrier in the glutathione-dependent synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides by the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. In addition, it is also involved in reducing some disulfides in a coupled system with glutathione reductase
Gene Name:
grxC
Uniprot ID:
P0AC62
Molecular weight:
9137
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Involved in reducing some disulfides in a coupled system with glutathione reductase. Does not act as hydrogen donor for ribonucleotide reductase
Gene Name:
grxB
Uniprot ID:
P0AC59
Molecular weight:
24350
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
The disulfide bond functions as an electron carrier in the glutathione-dependent synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides by the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase. In addition, it is also involved in reducing some disulfides in a coupled system with glutathione reductase
Gene Name:
grxA
Uniprot ID:
P68688
Molecular weight:
9685
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Participates in various redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide and catalyzes dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions
Gene Name:
trxA
Uniprot ID:
P0AA25
Molecular weight:
11807

Transporters

General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Uniprot ID:
P0A763
Molecular weight:
15463
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.