Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 10:21:35 -0600
Update Date2015-09-13 12:56:06 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB00131
Identification
Name:Glycerol
DescriptionGlycerol is an organic compound, also called glycerin or glycerine. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is widely used in pharmaceutical formulations. Glycerol has three hydrophilic hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in water and its hygroscopic nature. Metabolism of glycerol in E. coli, generally requires the presence of external electron acceptors. The respiratory pathways mediating this metabolic process involve a glycerol transporter (encoded by glpF), a glycerol kinase (encoded by glpK), and two respiratory glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenases (G3PDHs). Glycerol may also be metabolized fermentatively leading to the production of ethanol.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane
  • 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropanol
  • Bulbold
  • Cristal
  • E 422
  • Emery 916
  • Glyceol Opthalgan
  • Glycerin
  • Glycerine
  • Glyceritol
  • Glycerol
  • Glycyl alcohol
  • Glyrol
  • Glysanin
  • IFP
  • Incorporation factor
  • Mackstat H 66
  • Osmoglyn
  • Pricerine 9091
  • Propanetriol
  • RG-S
  • Trihydroxypropane
  • Tryhydroxypropane
Chemical Formula:C3H8O3
Weight:Average: 92.0938
Monoisotopic: 92.047344122
InChI Key:PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2
CAS number:56-81-5
IUPAC Name:propane-1,2,3-triol
Traditional IUPAC Name:glycerol
SMILES:OCC(O)CO
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sugar alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Liquid
Charge:0
Melting point:20
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility:1000.0 mg/mL [YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)]PhysProp
LogP:-1.76 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1170 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.9ALOGPS
logP-1.8ChemAxon
logS1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area60.69 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity20.52 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.93 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
2 PG(16:0/16:0) <> cardiolipin (tetrahexadecanoyl, n-C16:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)) <> CL(18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)) + Glycerol
2 PG(12:0/12:0) <> cardiolipin (tetradodecanoyl, n-C12:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(14:1(7Z)/14:1(7Z)) <> cardiolipin (tetratetradec-7-enoyl, n-C14:1) + Glycerol
2 PG(18:0/18:0) <> cardiolipin (tetraoctadecanoyl, n-C18:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)) <> cardiolipin (tetrahexadec-9-enoyl, n-C16:1) + Glycerol
2 PG(14:0/14:0) <> cardiolipin (tetratetradecanoyl, n-C14:0) + Glycerol
D-Glyceraldehyde + Hydrogen ion + NADH <> Glycerol + NAD
Glycerol 3-phosphate + Water > Glycerol + Phosphate
Glycerophosphoglycerol + Water > Glycerol + Glycerol 3-phosphate + Hydrogen ion
Glycerol 2-phosphate + Water > Glycerol + Phosphate
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol <> ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate + Hydrogen ion
Glycerol + NAD <> Dihydroxyacetone + Hydrogen ion + NADH
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol <> ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate
Galactosylglycerol + Water <> D-Galactose + Glycerol
2 Phosphatidylglycerol <> Cardiolipin + Glycerol
an L-1-phosphatidyl-glycerol <> a cardiolipin + Glycerol
glycerol 1-phosphate + Water Glycerol + Phosphate
Glycerol + Adenosine triphosphate > Hydrogen ion + Glycerol 3-phosphate + ADP
2 Phosphatidylglycerol > diphosphatidylglycerol + Glycerol
Glycerol + NAD > Dihydroxyacetone + NADH
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol > ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate
PS(14:0/18:1(11Z)) > Glycerol + a cardiolipin
PG(18:0/18:0) + PG(18:0/18:0) > Glycerol + CL(16:0/16:0/16:0/16:1(9Z))
PG(18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)) > CL(18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)) + Glycerol
2 PG(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))
PG(14:0(3-OH)/15:0) > Glycerol + CL(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/14:0/16:0)
PG(14:0/14:0) > Glycerol + cardiolipin (tetratetradecanoyl, n-C14:0)
PG(14:0/16:0) > CL(14:0/16:0/14:0/16:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + cardiolipin (tetrahexadec-9-enoyl, n-C16:1)
PG(19:0cycv8c/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c)
PG(15:0/16:1) > Glycerol + CL(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/14:0/14:0/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/14:0/17:0cycw7c/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/14:0/14:0/19:0cycv8c)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > CL(19:0cycv8c/14:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/15:0cyclo/17:0cycw7c/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/17:0cycw7c/14:0/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c/14:0/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/18:1(9Z)/17:0cycw7c/14:0)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/19:0cycv8c/14:0/14:0)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0/18:1(9Z))
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/14:0/17:0cycw7c/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/14:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0)
2 PG(14:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/14:0/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(14:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(14:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:0/14:0/14:0)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:0/14:0/16:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:0/14:0/18:1(9Z))
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0)
2 PG(14:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/18:1(9Z))
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/17:0cycw7c/14:0/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/17:0cycw7c/17:0cycw7c/14:0)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0/16:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/16:1(9Z)/14:0/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/16:1(9Z)/17:0cycw7c/14:0)
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/16:1(9Z)/17:0cycw7c/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/17:0cycw7c/14:0/16:0)
2 PG(10:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/17:0cycw7c/14:0/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(16:0/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/18:1(9Z)/14:0/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(16:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/14:0/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(14:0(3-OH)/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/14:0/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(18:1(9Z)/16:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:0/18:1(9Z)/16:0)
2 PG(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))
Glycerol + Adenosine triphosphate > Hydrogen ion + Adenosine diphosphate + Glycerol 3-phosphate + ADP
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/10:0) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/10:0/10:0(3-OH)/10:0)
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/12:0) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/12:0/10:0(3-OH)/12:0)
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo) > CL(10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo) + Glycerol
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/16:0) > CL(10:0(3-OH)/16:0/10:0(3-OH)/16:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)/10:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c)
2 PG(10:0(3-OH)/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(10:0(3-OH)/19:iso/10:0(3-OH)/19:iso)
2 PG(10:0/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(10:0/10:0(3-OH)/10:0/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(10:0/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(10:0/12:0(3-OH)/10:0/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/10:0) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/10:0/12:0(3-OH)/10:0)
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)) > CL(12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)) + Glycerol
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/14:0/12:0(3-OH)/14:0)
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/15:0) > CL(12:0(3-OH)/15:0/12:0(3-OH)/15:0) + Glycerol
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo/12:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z))
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c)
2 PG(12:0(3-OH)/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(12:0(3-OH)/19:iso/12:0(3-OH)/19:iso)
2 PG(12:0/10:0(3-OH)) > CL(12:0/10:0(3-OH)/12:0/10:0(3-OH)) + Glycerol
2 PG(12:0/12:0) > Glycerol + cardiolipin (tetradodecanoyl, n-C12:0)
2 PG(12:0/14:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(12:0/14:0(3-OH)/12:0/14:0(3-OH))
2 PG(12:0/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(12:0/19:iso/12:0/19:iso)
2 PG(14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)) > CL(14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)) + Glycerol
2 PG(14:0(3-OH)/12:0) > Glycerol + CL(14:0(3-OH)/12:0/14:0(3-OH)/12:0)
2 PG(14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(14:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c) > Glycerol + CL(14:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/14:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c)
2 PG(14:0/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(14:0/12:0(3-OH)/14:0/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(15:0/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(15:0/10:0(3-OH)/15:0/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(15:0/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(15:0/12:0(3-OH)/15:0/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(16:0/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(16:0/10:0(3-OH)/16:0/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(16:0/14:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(16:0/14:0(3-OH)/16:0/14:0(3-OH))
2 PG(16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH))
2 PG(17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(17:0cycw7c/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(17:0cycw7c/19:iso/17:0cycw7c/19:iso)
2 PG(18:1(11Z)/19:0) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(11Z)/19:0/18:1(11Z)/19:0)
2 PG(18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(19:0/16:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(19:0/16:1(9Z)/19:0/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(19:0/18:1(11Z)) > Glycerol + CL(19:0/18:1(11Z)/19:0/18:1(11Z))
2 PG(19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(19:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)) > Glycerol + CL(19:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))
2 PG(19:iso/10:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/10:0(3-OH)/19:iso/10:0(3-OH))
2 PG(19:iso/10:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/10:0/19:iso/10:0)
2 PG(19:iso/12:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/12:0(3-OH)/19:iso/12:0(3-OH))
2 PG(19:iso/12:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/12:0/19:iso/12:0)
2 PG(19:iso/14:0(3-OH)) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/14:0(3-OH)/19:iso/14:0(3-OH))
2 PG(19:iso/14:0) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/14:0/19:iso/14:0)
2 PG(19:iso/19:iso) > Glycerol + CL(19:iso/19:iso/19:iso/19:iso)
2 PG(16:0/16:0) > Glycerol + CL(16:0/16:0/16:0/16:0)
2 PG(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo) > Glycerol + CL(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo)
2 PG(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c) > CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c) + Glycerol
2 PG(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo) > Glycerol + CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo)
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol <> ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate + Hydrogen ion
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol <> ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate + Hydrogen ion
More...

SMPDB Pathways:
Galactose metabolismPW000821 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Propanoate metabolismPW000940 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycerol metabolismPW000914 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycerol metabolism IIPW000915 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycerol metabolism III (sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine)PW000916 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycerol metabolism IV (glycerophosphoglycerol)PW000917 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycerol metabolism V (glycerophosphoserine)PW000918 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
inner membrane transportPW000786 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/10:0/10:0(3-OH)/10:0))PW001899 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)))PW001900 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/12:0/10:0(3-OH)/12:0))PW001901 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo))PW001902 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/16:0/10:0(3-OH)/16:0))PW001904 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)/10:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)))PW001903 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c))PW001906 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c))PW001908 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0(3-OH)/19:iso/10:0(3-OH)/19:iso))PW001909 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0/10:0(3-OH)/10:0/10:0(3-OH)))PW001910 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(10:0/12:0(3-OH)/10:0/12:0(3-OH)))PW001911 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/10:0(3-OH)))PW001913 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/10:0/12:0(3-OH)/10:0))PW001914 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)))PW001918 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/14:0/12:0(3-OH)/14:0))PW001919 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/15:0/12:0(3-OH)/15:0))PW001920 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo/12:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo))PW001921 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c))PW001922 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z)))PW001924 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c))PW001925 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0(3-OH)/19:iso/12:0(3-OH)/19:iso))PW001926 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0/10:0(3-OH)/12:0/10:0(3-OH)))PW001928 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0/12:0/12:0/12:0))PW001930 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0/14:0(3-OH)/12:0/14:0(3-OH)))PW001931 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(12:0/19:iso/12:0/19:iso))PW001933 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)/14:0(3-OH)/12:0(3-OH)))PW001934 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(14:0(3-OH)/12:0/14:0(3-OH)/12:0))PW001935 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)))PW001939 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(14:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/14:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c))PW001941 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(14:0/12:0(3-OH)/14:0/12:0(3-OH)))PW001943 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(14:0/15:0cyclo/17:0cycw7c/14:0)PW001030 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(15:0/10:0(3-OH)/15:0/10:0(3-OH)))PW001945 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(15:0/12:0(3-OH)/15:0/12:0(3-OH)))PW001946 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH)/15:0cyclo/10:0(3-OH)))PW001948 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/16:0)) 1442599180PW002016 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(16:0/10:0(3-OH)/16:0/10:0(3-OH)))PW001949 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(16:0/14:0(3-OH)/16:0/14:0(3-OH)))PW001951 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(16:0/16:0/16:0/16:0))PW002010 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH)/16:1(9Z)/14:0(3-OH)))PW001958 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c))PW002017 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/10:0(3-OH)))PW001967 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH)/17:0cycw7c/12:0(3-OH)))PW001970 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(17:0cycw7c/19:iso/17:0cycw7c/19:iso))PW001973 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(11Z)/19:0/18:1(11Z)/19:0))PW001980 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)/18:1(9Z)/12:0(3-OH)))PW001982 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/14:0/15:0cyclo) 5)PW001717 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo))PW001531 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/16:0/18:1(9Z)/16:0))PW001588 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)))PW001621 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c))PW001026 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)) 1440195714PW001034 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)) 2PW001186 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(18:1/18:1/18:1/18:1))PW001027 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:0/16:1(9Z)/19:0/16:1(9Z)))PW001985 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:0/18:1(11Z)/19:0/18:1(11Z)))PW001987 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/10:0(3-OH)))PW001991 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH)/19:0cycv8c/12:0(3-OH)))PW001993 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)))PW001995 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/10:0(3-OH)/19:iso/10:0(3-OH)))PW001997 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/10:0/19:iso/10:0))PW001998 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/12:0(3-OH)/19:iso/12:0(3-OH)))PW002000 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/12:0/19:iso/12:0))PW002001 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/14:0(3-OH)/19:iso/14:0(3-OH)))PW002004 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/14:0/19:iso/14:0))PW002006 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis (CL(19:iso/19:iso/19:iso/19:iso))PW002009 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:0/14:0/14:0)PW001031 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:0/14:0/18:1(9Z))PW001033 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:0/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001035 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:0/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001036 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001037 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0)PW001038 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:1(9Z)/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001039 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:1(9Z)/14:0/18:1(9Z))PW001040 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:1(9Z)/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001041 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001042 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/14:0)PW001043 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0)PW001044 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0/18:1(9Z))PW001046 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001047 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/18:1(9Z)/17:0cycw7c/14:0)PW001048 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/14:0)PW001049 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0/17:0cycw7c)PW001050 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001051 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(14:0/19:0cycv8c/17:0cycw7c/14:0)PW001052 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/14:0/14:0/17:0cycw7c)PW001053 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/14:0/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001054 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/14:0/19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c)PW001058 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/16:0/16:1(9Z))PW001063 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001068 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:0/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001108 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001118 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z))PW001120 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001126 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo)PW001127 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:0)PW001128 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001129 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001131 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001132 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001137 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001140 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/17:0cycw7c/14:0/14:0)PW001142 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001167 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001178 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/18:1(9Z))PW001180 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/19:0cycv8c/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001183 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001191 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(15:0cyclo/19:0cycv8c/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001196 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/14:0/14:0)PW001204 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/14:0/16:0)PW001205 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001206 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/14:0/18:1(9Z))PW001207 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001208 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/16:0/14:0)PW001209 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001213 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/14:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0)PW001218 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001235 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001313 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001329 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001336 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001362 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0/14:0)PW001382 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:0/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001393 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001416 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0/18:1(9Z))PW001417 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001418 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001419 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0/18:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001425 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/14:0/19:0cycv8c/14:0)PW001429 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001437 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:0/16:1(9Z))PW001449 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001450 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo)PW001451 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:0)PW001452 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001453 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001455 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001456 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001461 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001468 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:0/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001489 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:0/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001490 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:0/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001503 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:0/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001508 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0)PW001510 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/15:0cyclo)PW001511 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/18:1(9Z))PW001521 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0/19:0cycv8c)PW001522 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001525 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001526 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001544 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/15:0cyclo)PW001545 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:0)PW001546 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001547 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001549 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001550 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/14:0)PW001551 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/15:0cyclo)PW001552 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:0)PW001553 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001554 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/18:1(9Z))PW001556 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c)PW001557 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0/14:0)PW001571 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001572 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001574 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z))PW001576 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001589 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z))PW001602 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/18:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001606 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/14:0/14:0)PW001615 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/14:0/16:1(9Z))PW001616 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z)/14:0)PW001624 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001626 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c/19:0cycv8c/16:1(9Z))PW001641 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis CL(17:0cycw7c/15:0cyclo/14:0/14:0)PW001650 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis I (18:0, 18:0)PW001001 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesis I (CL(18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)) )PW001025 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
phospholipid biosynthesisCL(16:0/16:1(9Z)/16:1(9Z)/19:0cycv8c)PW001314 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:
Concentrations
Not Available
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-0fr2-0910000000-6497c0870b71585c6322View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-0ktb-0920000000-93408d69acffad6f48afView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-05mk-0940000000-778ba583836705f8fdf4View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kb-0920000000-2e4b358941c660851f0aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00dj-6920000000-6828d7b00cb31e84fac1View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0le9-0940000000-e0b9bada9be26d720326View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-01ox-9000000000-3fe0c184a891364773a8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fr2-0930000000-470b6694b25fde40d80fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fr2-0910000000-6497c0870b71585c6322View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ktb-0920000000-93408d69acffad6f48afView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-05mk-0940000000-778ba583836705f8fdf4View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kb-0920000000-2e4b358941c660851f0aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00dj-6920000000-6828d7b00cb31e84fac1View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0le9-0940000000-e0b9bada9be26d720326View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kb-0920000000-085a71f40d38f2729036View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01qc-9000000000-80cdb8c006ea00f55a64View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0q4u-9280000000-1487e8921bcecbde6458View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-d7c139dc01453f61eb99View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4l-9000000000-7d7844b4813b038012daView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-9100000000-16029dbe79f139ab904aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80) , Positivesplash10-01ox-9000000000-3fe0c184a891364773a8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-a638e26fe3c3f48563c2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004l-9000000000-d3fd9e9abd911eb0f88eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a6r-9000000000-ca218dca3a5d86196d81View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-b40367f5ca8d11288fbeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-ba29a0647084e32d8704View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0abc-9000000000-4cd85379d414c16f95c0View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-01ox-9000000000-3706109441e6d3017895View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Berger C, Sakowitz OW, Kiening KL, Schwab S: Neurochemical monitoring of glycerol therapy in patients with ischemic brain edema. Stroke. 2005 Feb;36(2):e4-6. Epub 2004 Dec 23. Pubmed: 15618446
  • Boulat O, Gradwohl M, Matos V, Guignard JP, Bachmann C: Organic acids in the second morning urine in a healthy Swiss paediatric population. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2003 Dec;41(12):1642-58. Pubmed: 14708889
  • Bulow J, Gjeraa K, Enevoldsen LH, Simonsen L: Lipid mobilization from human abdominal, subcutaneous adipose tissue is independent of sex during steady-state exercise. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2006 Jul;26(4):205-11. Pubmed: 16836692
  • Coppack SW, Chinkes DL, Miles JM, Patterson BW, Klein S: A multicompartmental model of in vivo adipose tissue glycerol kinetics and capillary permeability in lean and obese humans. Diabetes. 2005 Jul;54(7):1934-41. Pubmed: 15983192
  • de Araujo Burgos MG, Bion FM, Campos F: [Lactation and alcohol: clinical and nutritional effects] Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2004 Mar;54(1):25-35. Pubmed: 15332353
  • De Haene H, Taes Y, Christophe A, Delanghe J: Comparison of triglyceride concentration with lipemic index in disorders of triglyceride and glycerol metabolism. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2006;44(2):220-2. Pubmed: 16475911
  • Ekberg NR, Wisniewski N, Brismar K, Ungerstedt U: Measurement of glucose and metabolites in subcutaneous adipose tissue during hyperglycemia with microdialysis at various perfusion flow rates. Clin Chim Acta. 2005 Sep;359(1-2):53-64. Pubmed: 15939412
  • Eriksson A, Lindstedt S, Ransnas L, von Wendt L: Deficiency of glycerol kinase (EC 2.7.1.30). Clin Chem. 1983 Apr;29(4):718-22. Pubmed: 6299616
  • Fluhr JW, Mao-Qiang M, Brown BE, Wertz PW, Crumrine D, Sundberg JP, Feingold KR, Elias PM: Glycerol regulates stratum corneum hydration in sebaceous gland deficient (asebia) mice. J Invest Dermatol. 2003 May;120(5):728-37. Pubmed: 12713573
  • Foster KJ, Alberti KG, Hinks L, Lloyd B, Postle A, Smythe P, Turnell DC, Walton R: Blood intermediary metabolite and insulin concentrations after an overnight fast: reference ranges for adults, and interrelations. Clin Chem. 1978 Sep;24(9):1568-72. Pubmed: 688619
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Konig K, Rickels E, Heissler HE, Zumkeller M, Samii M: Artificial elevation of brain tissue glycerol by administration of a glycerol-containing agent. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2001 Apr;94(4):621-3. Pubmed: 11302662
  • Olbermann M, Grunert A, Bassler KH: [Biokinetic characterization of human glycerin utilization] Infusionsther Klin Ernahr. 1977 Apr;4(2):68-70. Pubmed: 558160
  • Pecora P, Suraci C, Antonelli M, De Maria S, Marrocco W: Blood glycerol meaning in obese patients. Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper. 1981 Dec 15;57(23):2389-93. Pubmed: 7337752
  • Quisth V, Enoksson S, Blaak E, Hagstrom-Toft E, Arner P, Bolinder J: Major differences in noradrenaline action on lipolysis and blood flow rates in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue in vivo. Diabetologia. 2005 May;48(5):946-53. Epub 2005 Mar 19. Pubmed: 15778861
  • Ross SE, Erickson RL, Gerin I, DeRose PM, Bajnok L, Longo KA, Misek DE, Kuick R, Hanash SM, Atkins KB, Andresen SM, Nebb HI, Madsen L, Kristiansen K, MacDougald OA: Microarray analyses during adipogenesis: understanding the effects of Wnt signaling on adipogenesis and the roles of liver X receptor alpha in adipocyte metabolism. Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Aug;22(16):5989-99. Pubmed: 12138207
  • Sjarif DR, Hellerud C, van Amstel JK, Kleijer WJ, Sperl W, Lacombe D, Sass JO, Beemer FA, Duran M, Poll-The BT: Glycerol kinase deficiency: residual activity explained by reduced transcription and enzyme conformation. Eur J Hum Genet. 2004 Jun;12(6):424-32. Pubmed: 15026783
  • Sjostrand M, Gudbjornsdottir S, Holmang A, Strindberg L, Ekberg K, Lonnroth P: Measurements of interstitial muscle glycerol in normal and insulin-resistant subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 May;87(5):2206-11. Pubmed: 11994365
  • Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411
  • Sweatman BC, Farrant RD, Holmes E, Ghauri FY, Nicholson JK, Lindon JC: 600 MHz 1H-NMR spectroscopy of human cerebrospinal fluid: effects of sample manipulation and assignment of resonances. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1993 Aug;11(8):651-64. Pubmed: 8257730
  • Titov VN, Lisitsyn DM, Ameliushkina VA, Lupanov VP, Staroverov II, Osipov SG, Kukharchuk VV: [Double bonds of fatty acids, alcohols glycerol, cholesterol and nonpolar serum lipids. Diagnostic value of hypercholesterolemia] Klin Lab Diagn. 2002 May;(5):3-8. Pubmed: 12085703
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Winder, C. L., Dunn, W. B., Schuler, S., Broadhurst, D., Jarvis, R., Stephens, G. M., Goodacre, R. (2008). "Global metabolic profiling of Escherichia coli cultures: an evaluation of methods for quenching and extraction of intracellular metabolites." Anal Chem 80:2939-2948. Pubmed: 18331064
  • Yaqoob M, Nabi A: Flow injection chemiluminescent assays for glycerol and triglycerides using a co-immobilized enzyme reactor. Luminescence. 2003 Mar-Apr;18(2):67-71. Pubmed: 12687625
Synthesis Reference:Yang, Yifang. Purification of glycerol. Faming Zhuanli Shenqing Gongkai Shuomingshu (2007), 3pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17754
HMDB IDHMDB00131
Pubchem Compound ID753
Kegg IDC00116
ChemSpider ID733
WikipediaGlycerol
BioCyc IDGLYCEROL
EcoCyc IDGLYCEROL
Ligand ExpoGOL

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D- galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids
Gene Name:
melA
Uniprot ID:
P06720
Molecular weight:
50657
Reactions
Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids.
General function:
Involved in glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase activity
Specific function:
Glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase hydrolyzes deacylated phospholipids to G3P and the corresponding alcohols
Gene Name:
glpQ
Uniprot ID:
P09394
Molecular weight:
40843
Reactions
A glycerophosphodiester + H(2)O = an alcohol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
Key enzyme in the regulation of glycerol uptake and metabolism
Gene Name:
glpK
Uniprot ID:
P0A6F3
Molecular weight:
56230
Reactions
ATP + glycerol = ADP + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the NAD-dependent oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone (glycerone). Allows microorganisms to utilize glycerol as a source of carbon under anaerobic conditions. In E.coli, an important role of gldA is also likely to regulate the intracellular level of dihydroxyacetone by catalyzing the reverse reaction, i.e. the conversion of dihydroxyacetone into glycerol. Possesses a broad substrate specificity, since it is also able to oxidize 1,2-propanediol and to reduce glycolaldehyde, methylglyoxal and hydroxyacetone into ethylene glycol, lactaldehyde and 1,2-propanediol, respectively
Gene Name:
gldA
Uniprot ID:
P0A9S5
Molecular weight:
38712
Reactions
Glycerol + NAD(+) = glycerone + NADH.
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation
Specific function:
Myo-inositol phosphate + H(2)O = myo-inositol + phosphate
Gene Name:
suhB
Uniprot ID:
P0ADG4
Molecular weight:
29172
Reactions
Myo-inositol phosphate + H(2)O = myo-inositol + phosphate.
General function:
Involved in acid phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates several organic phosphomonoesters and catalyzes the transfer of low-energy phosphate groups from phosphomonoesters to hydroxyl groups of various organic compounds. Preferentially acts on aryl phosphoesters. Might function as a broad-spectrum dephosphorylating enzyme able to scavenge both 3'- and 5'-nucleotides and also additional organic phosphomonoesters
Gene Name:
aphA
Uniprot ID:
P0AE22
Molecular weight:
26103
Reactions
A phosphate monoester + H(2)O = an alcohol + phosphate.
General function:
Involved in glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase activity
Specific function:
Glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase hydrolyzes deacylated phospholipids to G3P and the corresponding alcohols
Gene Name:
ugpQ
Uniprot ID:
P10908
Molecular weight:
27409
Reactions
A glycerophosphodiester + H(2)O = an alcohol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Has high formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity in the presence of glutathione and catalyzes the oxidation of normal alcohols in a reaction that is not GSH-dependent. In addition, hemithiolacetals other than those formed from GSH, including omega-thiol fatty acids, also are substrates
Gene Name:
frmA
Uniprot ID:
P25437
Molecular weight:
39359
Reactions
S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione + NAD(P)(+) = S-formylglutathione + NAD(P)H.
An alcohol + NAD(+) = an aldehyde or ketone + NADH.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of sugar phosphate to sugar and inorganic phosphate. Has a wide substrate specificity catalyzing the hydrolysis of fructose-1-P most efficiently, but it remains uncertain if this is the real substrate in vivo
Gene Name:
supH
Uniprot ID:
P75792
Molecular weight:
30413
Reactions
Sugar phosphate + H(2)O = sugar + phosphate.
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible phosphatidyl group transfer from one phosphatidylglycerol molecule to another to form cardiolipin (CL) (diphosphatidylglycerol) and glycerol. Affects resistance to the gyrase inhibitor novobiocin
Gene Name:
cls
Uniprot ID:
P0A6H8
Molecular weight:
54822
Reactions
2 Phosphatidylglycerol = diphosphatidylglycerol + glycerol.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes, in vitro, the phosphatidyl group transfer from one phosphatidylglycerol molecule to another to form cardiolipin (CL) (diphosphatidylglycerol) and glycerol. Can also catalyze phosphatidyl group transfer to water to form phosphatidate. Catalyzes little, if any, cardiolipin synthesis in vivo, even when the expression level is very high
Gene Name:
ybhO
Uniprot ID:
P0AA84
Molecular weight:
47633
Reactions
2 Phosphatidylglycerol = diphosphatidylglycerol + glycerol.
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
yfbT
Uniprot ID:
P77625
Molecular weight:
Not Available

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Non-specific porin
Gene Name:
ompN
Uniprot ID:
P77747
Molecular weight:
41220
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Uptake of inorganic phosphate, phosphorylated compounds, and some other negatively charged solutes
Gene Name:
phoE
Uniprot ID:
P02932
Molecular weight:
38922
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Transporter of glycerol across the cytoplasmic membrane, with limited permeability to water and small uncharged compounds such as polyols
Gene Name:
glpF
Uniprot ID:
P0AER0
Molecular weight:
29780
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
OmpF is a porin that forms passive diffusion pores which allow small molecular weight hydrophilic materials across the outer membrane. It is also a receptor for the bacteriophage T2
Gene Name:
ompF
Uniprot ID:
P02931
Molecular weight:
39333
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Forms passive diffusion pores which allow small molecular weight hydrophilic materials across the outer membrane
Gene Name:
ompC
Uniprot ID:
P06996
Molecular weight:
40368