Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 13:50:04 -0600
Update Date2015-09-17 16:24:07 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB01333
Identification
Name:Manganese
DescriptionManganese is an essential trace nutrient in all forms of life.[18] The classes of enzymes that have manganese cofactors are very broad and include oxidoreductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases, ligases, lectins, and integrins. The best known manganese-containing polypeptides may be arginase, the diphtheria toxin, and Mn-containing superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD). The Mn-SOD enzyme is probably one of the most ancient, for nearly all organisms living in the presence of oxygen use it to deal with the toxic effects of superoxide, formed from the 1-electron reduction of dioxygen. (Wikipedia)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • Manganese
  • Manganese (II) ion
  • Manganese ion
  • Mn(II)
  • MN++
  • MN+2
  • Mn++
  • Mn+2
Chemical Formula:Mn
Weight:Average: 54.938
Monoisotopic: 54.938049636
InChI Key:WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/Mn/q+2
CAS number:7439-96-5
IUPAC Name:manganese(2+) ion
Traditional IUPAC Name:manganese(2+) ion
SMILES:[Mn++]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as homogeneous transition metal compounds. These are inorganic compounds containing only metal atoms,with the largest atom being a transition metal atom.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassHomogeneous metal compounds
ClassHomogeneous transition metal compounds
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentHomogeneous transition metal compounds
Alternative ParentsNot Available
Substituents
  • Homogeneous transition metal
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:2
Melting point:1244 °C
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-0.16ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity0 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability1.78 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Porphyrin metabolismPW000936 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Secondary Metabolites: Ubiquinol biosynthesisPW000981 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Secondary Metabolites: Ubiquinol biosynthesis 2PW002036 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Secondary metabolites: isoprenoid biosynthesis (nonmevalonate pathway)PW000975 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Secondary metabolites: methylerythritol phosphate and polyisoprenoid biosynthesisPW000958 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IPW000906 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I 2PW002062 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:Not Available
Concentrations
ConcentrationStrainMediaGrowth StatusGrowth SystemTemperatureDetails
4000± 0 uMK-12Not AvailableNot AvailableNot AvailableNot Available1. Cybercell Database: http://ccdb.wishartlab.com/CCDB/cgi-bin/STAT_NEW.cgi
2. Phillips R., Kondev, J., Theriot, J. (2008) “Physical Biology of the Cell” Garland Science, New York, NY.
Find out more about how we convert literature concentrations.
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-6f3891a406ae3fe4f883View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-6f3891a406ae3fe4f883View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-6f3891a406ae3fe4f883View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-9000000000-c3110d268939143a5f80View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-9000000000-c3110d268939143a5f80View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0udi-9000000000-c3110d268939143a5f80View in MoNA
References
References:
  • Bader M, Dietz MC, Ihrig A, Triebig G: Biomonitoring of manganese in blood, urine and axillary hair following low-dose exposure during the manufacture of dry cell batteries. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1999 Nov;72(8):521-7. Pubmed: 10592004
  • Baldwin M, Mergler D, Larribe F, Belanger S, Tardif R, Bilodeau L, Hudnell K: Bioindicator and exposure data for a population based study of manganese. Neurotoxicology. 1999 Apr-Jun;20(2-3):343-53. Pubmed: 10385895
  • Barceloux DG: Manganese. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1999;37(2):293-307. Pubmed: 10382563
  • Butterworth RF: Hepatic encephalopathy. Alcohol Res Health. 2003;27(3):240-6. Pubmed: 15535452
  • Greger JL: Nutrition versus toxicology of manganese in humans: evaluation of potential biomarkers. Neurotoxicology. 1999 Apr-Jun;20(2-3):205-12. Pubmed: 10385884
  • Herynek V, Babis M, Trunecka P, Filip K, Vymazal J, Dezortova M, Hajek M: Chronic liver disease: relaxometry in the brain after liver transplantation. MAGMA. 2001 Mar;12(1):10-5. Pubmed: 11255087
  • Ikeda S, Sera Y, Yoshida M, Ohshiro H, Uchino S, Oka Y, Lee KJ, Kotera A: Manganese deposits in patients with biliary atresia after hepatic porto-enterostomy. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Mar;35(3):450-3. Pubmed: 10726687
  • Ikeda S, Yamaguchi Y, Sera Y, Ohshiro H, Uchino S, Yamashita Y, Ogawa M: Manganese deposition in the globus pallidus in patients with biliary atresia. Transplantation. 2000 Jun 15;69(11):2339-43. Pubmed: 10868637
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Kao HJ, Chen WH, Liu JS: Rapid progression of parkinsonism associated with an increase of blood manganese. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 1999 May;15(5):297-301. Pubmed: 10375873
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Lander F, Kristiansen J, Lauritsen JM: Manganese exposure in foundry furnacemen and scrap recycling workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1999 Nov;72(8):546-50. Pubmed: 10592008
  • Lees-Haley PR, Rohling ML, Langhinrichsen-Rohling J: A meta-analysis of the neuropsychological effects of occupational exposure to manganese. Clin Neuropsychol. 2006 Feb;20(1):90-107. Pubmed: 16393922
  • Melo TM, Larsen C, White LR, Aasly J, Sjobakk TE, Flaten TP, Sonnewald U, Syversen T: Manganese, copper, and zinc in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with multiple sclerosis. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2003 Summer;93(1-3):1-8. Pubmed: 12835484
  • Mergler D, Baldwin M, Belanger S, Larribe F, Beuter A, Bowler R, Panisset M, Edwards R, de Geoffroy A, Sassine MP, Hudnell K: Manganese neurotoxicity, a continuum of dysfunction: results from a community based study. Neurotoxicology. 1999 Apr-Jun;20(2-3):327-42. Pubmed: 10385894
  • Miranda M, Caballero L: [Chronic hepatic encephalopathy: the role of high serum manganese levels and its relation with basal ganglia lesions in nuclear magnetic resonance of the brain. Clinical case] Rev Med Chil. 2001 Sep;129(9):1051-5. Pubmed: 11725469
  • Mizoguchi N, Nishimura Y, Ono H, Sakura N: Manganese elevations in blood of children with congenital portosystemic shunts. Eur J Pediatr. 2001 Apr;160(4):247-50. Pubmed: 11317649
  • Sadek AH, Rauch R, Schulz PE: Parkinsonism due to manganism in a welder. Int J Toxicol. 2003 Sep-Oct;22(5):393-401. Pubmed: 14555414
  • Takeda A: Manganese action in brain function. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 2003 Jan;41(1):79-87. Pubmed: 12505649
  • Wang X, Li GJ, Zheng W: Upregulation of DMT1 expression in choroidal epithelia of the blood-CSF barrier following manganese exposure in vitro. Brain Res. 2006 Jun 30;1097(1):1-10. Epub 2006 May 26. Pubmed: 16729984
  • Wardle CA, Forbes A, Roberts NB, Jawhari AV, Shenkin A: Hypermanganesemia in long-term intravenous nutrition and chronic liver disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1999 Nov-Dec;23(6):350-5. Pubmed: 10574484
  • Woolf A, Wright R, Amarasiriwardena C, Bellinger D: A child with chronic manganese exposure from drinking water. Environ Health Perspect. 2002 Jun;110(6):613-6. Pubmed: 12055054
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID18291
HMDB IDHMDB01333
Pubchem Compound ID23930
Kegg IDC00034
ChemSpider ID25916
WikipediaManganese
BioCyc IDMN+2
EcoCyc IDMN+2
Ligand ExpoMN

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme with both catalase and broad- spectrum peroxidase activity. Displays also NADH oxidase, INH lyase and isonicotinoyl-NAD synthase activity
Gene Name:
katG
Uniprot ID:
P13029
Molecular weight:
80023
Reactions
Donor + H(2)O(2) = oxidized donor + 2 H(2)O.
2 H(2)O(2) = O(2) + 2 H(2)O.

Transporters

General function:
Involved in metal ion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates zinc uptake. May also transport other divalent cations such as copper and cadmium ions
Gene Name:
zupT
Uniprot ID:
P0A8H3
Molecular weight:
26484
General function:
Involved in cation transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Involved in zinc efflux across the cytoplasmic membrane, thus reducing zinc accumulation in the cytoplasm and rendering bacteria more resistant to zinc. It may contribute to zinc homeostasis at low concentrations of zinc, whereas zntA is required for growth at more toxic concentrations
Gene Name:
zitB
Uniprot ID:
P75757
Molecular weight:
34678
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
H(+)-stimulated, highly selective, manganese uptake system. Can also transport cadmium, cobalt, iron, zinc and to a lesser extent nickel and copper. Involved in response to reactive oxygen
Gene Name:
mntH
Uniprot ID:
P0A769
Molecular weight:
44193
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Non-specific porin
Gene Name:
ompN
Uniprot ID:
P77747
Molecular weight:
41220
General function:
Involved in cation transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Iron-efflux transporter responsible for iron detoxification. Also able to transport Zn(2+) in a proton- dependent manner
Gene Name:
fieF
Uniprot ID:
P69380
Molecular weight:
32927
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Uptake of inorganic phosphate, phosphorylated compounds, and some other negatively charged solutes
Gene Name:
phoE
Uniprot ID:
P02932
Molecular weight:
38922
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
OmpF is a porin that forms passive diffusion pores which allow small molecular weight hydrophilic materials across the outer membrane. It is also a receptor for the bacteriophage T2
Gene Name:
ompF
Uniprot ID:
P02931
Molecular weight:
39333
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Forms passive diffusion pores which allow small molecular weight hydrophilic materials across the outer membrane
Gene Name:
ompC
Uniprot ID:
P06996
Molecular weight:
40368