Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 10:23:43 -0600
Update Date2015-09-13 12:56:06 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB00210
Identification
Name:Pantothenic acid
Description:Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5, is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life. Pantothenic acid is needed to form coenzyme-A (CoA), and is thus critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Its name is derived from the Greek pantothen meaning "from everywhere" and small quantities of pantothenic acid are found in nearly every food, with high amounts in whole grain cereals, legumes, eggs, meat, and royal jelly.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • (+)-Pantothenate
  • (+)-Pantothenic acid
  • (R)-pantothenic acid
  • (D)-(+)-Pantothenate
  • (D)-(+)-Pantothenic acid
  • (R)-pantothenate
  • (R)-pantothenic acid
  • Chick antidermatitis factor
  • D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-b-alanine
  • D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanine
  • D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-β-alanine
  • D-Pantothenate
  • D-Pantothenic acid
  • Delta-Pantothenate
  • Delta-Pantothenic acid
  • Pantothenate
  • Vitamin B5
  • Vitamin B5
  • δ-Pantothenate
  • δ-Pantothenic acid
Chemical Formula:C9H17NO5
Weight:Average: 219.235
Monoisotopic: 219.110672659
InChI Key:GHOKWGTUZJEAQD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C9H17NO5/c1-9(2,5-11)7(14)8(15)10-4-3-6(12)13/h7,11,14H,3-5H2,1-2H3,(H,10,15)(H,12,13)
CAS number:79-83-4
IUPAC Name:3-(2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanamido)propanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name:DL-pantothenic acid
SMILES:CC(C)(CO)C(O)C(=O)NCCC(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as beta amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids having a (-NH2) group attached to the beta carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentBeta amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Fatty amide
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-1
Melting point:< 25 °C
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility:1000.0 mg/mL [MERCK INDEX (1996)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility60.5 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-1.4ChemAxon
logS-0.56ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.35ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area106.86 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity51.51 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability21.92 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesisPW000828 Pw000828Pw000828 greyscalePw000828 simple
beta-Alanine metabolismPW000896 Pw000896Pw000896 greyscalePw000896 simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:
Concentrations
Not Available
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSsplash10-0g4i-9610000000-8811c0ee8143b5b4e922View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-00di-9442100000-e654a7d4b8cf9397fc8eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014i-3190000000-7a9e1fb7ca94ff4714e8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00dl-9100000000-ada04a866c6d38235607View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0596-9000000000-aea14dc63426efd5a60dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0fe0-9230000000-5d3b471f56b2c2e5535bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00dr-9200000000-12b30ec690e561fbee15View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-167b8eb76324b5c3850aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-3790000000-e2e626db270df267d7dbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0fki-7910000000-01cff3f952409e9e9550View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9200000000-a56f834482e2844f6924View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
References
References:
  • Dastur DK, Santhadevi N, Quadros EV, Avari FC, Wadia NH, Desai MN, Bharucha EP: The B-vitamins in malnutrition with alcoholism. A model of intervitamin relationships. Br J Nutr. 1976 Sep;36(2):143-59. Pubmed: 182198
  • Eissenstat BR, Wyse BW, Hansen RG: Pantothenic acid status of adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr. 1986 Dec;44(6):931-7. Pubmed: 3788840
  • Fry PC, Fox HM, Tao HG: Metabolic response to a pantothenic acid deficient diet in humans. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1976;22(4):339-46. Pubmed: 1011047
  • Guilarte TR: A radiometric microbiological assay for pantothenic acid in biological fluids. Anal Biochem. 1989 Apr;178(1):63-6. Pubmed: 2499220
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Loftus EV Jr, Tremaine WJ, Nelson RA, Shoemaker JD, Sandborn WJ, Phillips SF, Hasan Y: Dexpanthenol enemas in ulcerative colitis: a pilot study. Mayo Clin Proc. 1997 Jul;72(7):616-20. Pubmed: 9212762
  • Preibisz J, Chlewicka I: [Digitalis treatment in acute myocardial infarct. Determination of serum drug levels] Pol Arch Med Wewn. 1977 Dec;58(6):585-91. Pubmed: 600836
  • Roth-Maier DA, Wauer A, Stangl GI, Kirchgessner M: Precaecal digestibility of niacin and pantothenic acid from different foods. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2000 Jan;70(1):8-13. Pubmed: 10683755
  • Shoemaker JD, Elliott WH: Automated screening of urine samples for carbohydrates, organic and amino acids after treatment with urease. J Chromatogr. 1991 Jan 2;562(1-2):125-38. Pubmed: 2026685
  • Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411
  • Srinivasan V, Christensen N, Wyse BW, Hansen RG: Pantothenic acid nutritional status in the elderly--institutionalized and noninstitutionalized. Am J Clin Nutr. 1981 Sep;34(9):1736-42. Pubmed: 7025609
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Winder, C. L., Dunn, W. B., Schuler, S., Broadhurst, D., Jarvis, R., Stephens, G. M., Goodacre, R. (2008). "Global metabolic profiling of Escherichia coli cultures: an evaluation of methods for quenching and extraction of intracellular metabolites." Anal Chem 80:2939-2948. Pubmed: 18331064
Synthesis Reference:Kataoka, Michihiko; Shimizu, Sakayu; Doi, Yukiko; Yamada, Hideaki. Stereospecific reduction of ethyl 2'-ketopantothenate to ethyl D-(+)-pantothenate with microbial cells as a catalyst. Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1990), 56(11), 3595-7.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16454
HMDB IDHMDB00210
Pubchem Compound ID6613
Kegg IDC00864
ChemSpider ID963
WikipediaPantothenic acid
BioCyc IDPANTOTHENATE
EcoCyc IDPANTOTHENATE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in pantothenate kinase activity
Specific function:
ATP + (R)-pantothenate = ADP + (R)-4'- phosphopantothenate
Gene Name:
coaA
Uniprot ID:
P0A6I3
Molecular weight:
36359
Reactions
ATP + (R)-pantothenate = ADP + (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the condensation of pantoate with beta-alanine in an ATP-dependent reaction via a pantoyl-adenylate intermediate
Gene Name:
panC
Uniprot ID:
P31663
Molecular weight:
31597
Reactions
ATP + (R)-pantoate + beta-alanine = AMP + diphosphate + (R)-pantothenate.

Transporters

General function:
Involved in sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sodium-dependent uptake of extracellular pantothenate
Gene Name:
panF
Uniprot ID:
P16256
Molecular weight:
51717
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Non-specific porin
Gene Name:
ompN
Uniprot ID:
P77747
Molecular weight:
41220
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Uptake of inorganic phosphate, phosphorylated compounds, and some other negatively charged solutes
Gene Name:
phoE
Uniprot ID:
P02932
Molecular weight:
38922
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
OmpF is a porin that forms passive diffusion pores which allow small molecular weight hydrophilic materials across the outer membrane. It is also a receptor for the bacteriophage T2
Gene Name:
ompF
Uniprot ID:
P02931
Molecular weight:
39333
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Forms passive diffusion pores which allow small molecular weight hydrophilic materials across the outer membrane
Gene Name:
ompC
Uniprot ID:
P06996
Molecular weight:
40368