Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2012-05-31 09:56:20 -0600
Update Date2015-09-13 12:56:05 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • ECMDB00058
Identification
Name:Cyclic AMP
Description:Cyclic AMP is an adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group which is esterified to both the 3'- and 5'-positions of the sugar moiety. It is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator. cAMP is synthesized from ATP by adenylate cyclase. Adenylate cyclase is located at the cell membranes. cAMP decomposition into AMP is catalyzed by the enzyme phosphodiesterase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 3',5'-Cyclic AMP
  • 3'5'-Cyclic AMP
  • 6-(6-Amino-9H-purin-9-yl)tetrahydro-4H-furo[3,2-D][1,3,2]dioxaphosphinine-2,7-diol 2-oxide
  • Acrasin
  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic phosphate
  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic phosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclophosphate
  • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate
  • Adenosine 3',5'-monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 3,5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • Adenosine 3,5'-cyclic monophosphorate
  • Adenosine 3,5'-cyclic monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine cyclic monophosphate
  • Adenosine cyclic monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine cyclic-3',5'-monophosphate
  • Adenosine cyclic-3',5'-monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine cyclic-monophosphate
  • Adenosine cyclic-monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • Adenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate
  • Adenosine-3',5'-monophosphoric acid
  • Adenosine-cyclic-phosphate
  • Adenosine-cyclic-phosphoric acid
  • Adenosine-cyclic-phosphoric-acid
  • CAMP
  • Cyclic 3',5'-adenylate
  • Cyclic 3',5'-adenylic acid
  • Cyclic 3',5'-AMP
  • Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-phosphate
  • Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-phosphoric acid
  • Cyclic AMP
Chemical Formula:C10H12N5O6P
Weight:Average: 329.2059
Monoisotopic: 329.052519653
InChI Key:IVOMOUWHDPKRLL-KQYNXXCUSA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C10H12N5O6P/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-6(16)7-4(20-10)1-19-22(17,18)21-7/h2-4,6-7,10,16H,1H2,(H,17,18)(H2,11,12,13)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
CAS number:60-92-4
IUPAC Name:(4aR,6R,7R,7aS)-6-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2,7-dihydroxy-hexahydro-2λ⁵-furo[3,2-d][1,3,2]dioxaphosphinin-2-one
Traditional IUPAC Name:cyclic adenosine monophosphate
SMILES:NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@@H]2COP(O)(=O)O[C@H]2[C@H]1O
Chemical Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Physical Properties
State:Solid
Charge:-1
Melting point:219-220 °C
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility:4 mg/mL [HMP experimental]PhysProp
LogP:-2.96 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.58 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-3.8ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area154.84 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity70.29 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability28.22 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations:Cytoplasm
Reactions:
SMPDB Pathways:
Lac OperonPW000955 Pw000955Pw000955 greyscalePw000955 simple
Lac Operon Inactivation 2PW000956 Pw000956Pw000956 greyscalePw000956 simple
KEGG Pathways:
EcoCyc Pathways:Not Available
Concentrations
ConcentrationStrainMediaGrowth StatusGrowth SystemTemperatureDetails
35± 0 uMK12 NCM3722Gutnick minimal complete medium (4.7 g/L KH2PO4; 13.5 g/L K2HPO4; 1 g/L K2SO4; 0.1 g/L MgSO4-7H2O; 10 mM NH4Cl) with 4 g/L glucoseMid-Log PhaseShake flask and filter culture37 oCPMID: 19561621
83± 0 uMK12 NCM3722Gutnick minimal complete medium (4.7 g/L KH2PO4; 13.5 g/L K2HPO4; 1 g/L K2SO4; 0.1 g/L MgSO4-7H2O; 10 mM NH4Cl) with 4 g/L glycerolMid-Log PhaseShake flask and filter culture37 oCPMID: 19561621
146± 0 uMK12 NCM3722Gutnick minimal complete medium (4.7 g/L KH2PO4; 13.5 g/L K2HPO4; 1 g/L K2SO4; 0.1 g/L MgSO4-7H2O; 10 mM NH4Cl) with 4 g/L acetateMid-Log PhaseShake flask and filter culture37 oCPMID: 19561621
Find out more about how we convert literature concentrations.
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00di-9761000000-ed8f1fea0ef2e7b43ff8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-03du-2971000000-c0200940e0e88308fbdeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0009000000-02ee7f342f5c1bada389View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0009000000-a00a2165c3d37c4e1ef2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0109000000-7f48145f84828c2bbd5dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0119000000-d94a34a13521ae3d4692View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-f10e1d70e30865424af6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-03dr-0629000000-bf4ec1094b7991c3633cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-03dr-0629000000-9736faaf70ec79d5bd03View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0109000000-6bf3784f4b710ce04a3eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-03dr-0629000000-3f5ea9ba1508e359ad80View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-03dr-0519000000-059e8569ee179529bf21View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0009000000-88dad10a362b1088849eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0509004000-bb02289fcd39ac1a203cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-da49323734f24bf724d6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-a4e60131f41413b6fecfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-98ee4e70689c06adc603View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-056r-0409005001-97fd793d1d14a84c3530View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-1f2045ac2ff736aa80a2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-8bbb24702fa6ccd76268View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-6d23df7535894180e6dfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-001i-0009000000-c527aad341e122fc9beaView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-001i-0209000000-1bb2d660cc00c85a808fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-003r-2904000000-865c1b989665f73ac3f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
References
References:
  • Bennett, B. D., Kimball, E. H., Gao, M., Osterhout, R., Van Dien, S. J., Rabinowitz, J. D. (2009). "Absolute metabolite concentrations and implied enzyme active site occupancy in Escherichia coli." Nat Chem Biol 5:593-599. Pubmed: 19561621
  • Carceles MD, Ribo AR, Davalos R, Martinez T, Hernandez J: Effect of diazepam on adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) plasma levels in anesthetized patients. Clin Ther. 2004 May;26(5):737-43. Pubmed: 15220017
  • Chu MS, Chang CF, Yang CC, Bau YC, Ho LL, Hung SC: Signalling pathway in the induction of neurite outgrowth in human mesenchymal stem cells. Cell Signal. 2006 Apr;18(4):519-30. Epub 2005 Aug 11. Pubmed: 16098715
  • Fischer JA, Bourne HR, Dambacher MA, Tschopp F, De Meyer R, Devogelaer JP, Werder EA, Nagant De Deuxchaisnes C: Pseudohypoparathyroidism: inheritance and expression of deficient receptor-cyclase coupling protein activity. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1983 Dec;19(6):747-54. Pubmed: 6317236
  • Fouassier L, Chinet T, Robert B, Carayon A, Balladur P, Mergey M, Paul A, Poupon R, Capeau J, Barbu V, Housset C: Endothelin-1 is synthesized and inhibits cyclic adenosine monophosphate- dependent anion secretion by an autocrine/paracrine mechanism in gallbladder epithelial cells. J Clin Invest. 1998 Jun 15;101(12):2881-8. Pubmed: 9637723
  • Imashuku S, Todo S, Nakajima F: [Intra-aortic prostaglandin E1 infusion in the treatment of advanced neuroblastoma] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 1983 Sep;10(9):1936-43. Pubmed: 6311112
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Kukreja SC, Shevrin DH, Wimbiscus SA, Ebeling PR, Danks JA, Rodda CP, Wood WI, Martin TJ: Antibodies to parathyroid hormone-related protein lower serum calcium in athymic mouse models of malignancy-associated hypercalcemia due to human tumors. J Clin Invest. 1988 Nov;82(5):1798-802. Pubmed: 2846659
  • Lerche A, Svenson M, Wiik A: Cerebrospinal fluid levels of cyclic nucleotides in meningitis and idiopathic polyneuritis. Acta Neurol Scand. 1984 Mar;69(3):168-75. Pubmed: 6326460
  • Liu H, Chang L, Chen Y, Xia S, Zhang X: Clinical implication of the changes of cAMP, TXA2 and PGI2 in CSF of asphyxiated newborns. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci. 2003;23(2):195-7, 200. Pubmed: 12973949
  • Machen TE: Innate immune response in CF airway epithelia: hyperinflammatory? Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2006 Aug;291(2):C218-30. Pubmed: 16825601
  • Mashayekhi F, Aghahoseini F, Rezaie A, Zamani MJ, Khorasani R, Abdollahi M: Alteration of cyclic nucleotides levels and oxidative stress in saliva of human subjects with periodontitis. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2005 Nov 15;6(4):46-53. Pubmed: 16299606
  • Naef A, Keller HU: A short transient increase in cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate levels of neutrophil granulocytes following exposure to chemotactic factors. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1982;141:39-48. Pubmed: 6283833
  • Onali P, Strada SJ, Chang L, Epstein PM, Hersh EM, Thompson WJ: Purification and characterization of high-affinity cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate phosphodiesterases from human acute myelogenous leukemic cells. Cancer Res. 1985 Mar;45(3):1384-91. Pubmed: 2982489
  • Rademaker MT, Charles CJ, Lewis LK, Yandle TG, Cooper GJ, Coy DH, Richards AM, Nicholls MG: Beneficial hemodynamic and renal effects of adrenomedullin in an ovine model of heart failure. Circulation. 1997 Sep 16;96(6):1983-90. Pubmed: 9323090
  • Rudman D, O'Brien MS, McKinney AS, Hoffman JC Jr, Patterson JH: Observations on the cyclic nucleotide concentrations in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1976 Jun;42(6):1088-97. Pubmed: 180045
  • Ruppert D, Weithmann KU: HL 725, an extremely potent inhibitor of platelet phosphodiesterase and induced platelet aggregation in vitro. Life Sci. 1982 Nov 8;31(19):2037-43. Pubmed: 6294426
  • Sugo T, Tachimoto H, Chikatsu T, Murakami Y, Kikukawa Y, Sato S, Kikuchi K, Nagi T, Harada M, Ogi K, Ebisawa M, Mori M: Identification of a lysophosphatidylserine receptor on mast cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Mar 24;341(4):1078-87. Epub 2006 Jan 25. Pubmed: 16460680
  • Tanaka Y, Horinouchi T, Koike K: New insights into beta-adrenoceptors in smooth muscle: distribution of receptor subtypes and molecular mechanisms triggering muscle relaxation. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2005 Jul;32(7):503-14. Pubmed: 16026507
  • Watanabe K, Beinborn M, Nagamatsu S, Ishida H, Takahashi S: Menetrier's disease in a patient with Helicobacter pylori infection is linked to elevated glucagon-like peptide-2 activity. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr;40(4):477-81. Pubmed: 16028444
  • Wickenheisser JK, Nelson-DeGrave VL, McAllister JM: Human ovarian theca cells in culture. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Mar;17(2):65-71. Epub 2006 Feb 7. Pubmed: 16460956
  • Wine JJ, Joo NS: Submucosal glands and airway defense. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2004;1(1):47-53. Pubmed: 16113412
Synthesis Reference:Genieser, H. G.; Butt, E.; Bottin, U.; Dostmann, W.; Jastorff, B. Synthesis of the 3',5'-cyclic phosphates from unprotected nucleosides. Synthesis (1989), (1), 53-4.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17489
HMDB IDHMDB00058
Pubchem Compound ID6076
Kegg IDC00575
ChemSpider ID5851
WikipediaCyclic AMP
BioCyc IDCAMP
EcoCyc IDCAMP
Ligand ExpoCMP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in adenylate cyclase activity
Specific function:
ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate
Gene Name:
cyaA
Uniprot ID:
P00936
Molecular weight:
97585
Reactions
ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in phosphorus-oxygen lyase activity
Specific function:
In association with DosC is involved in the production and removal of the second messenger c-di-GMP in response to changing O(2) levels. Has phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity with c- di-GMP (PubMed:15995192), very poor activity on cAMP (PubMed:15995192) but not with cGMP, bis(p-nitrophenyl) phosphate or p-nitrophenyl phosphate (PubMed:11970957). Cyclic-di-GMP is a second messenger which controls cell surface-associated traits in bacteria
Gene Name:
dosP
Uniprot ID:
P76129
Molecular weight:
90260
Reactions
Cyclic di-3',5'-guanylate + H(2)O = 5'-phosphoguanylyl(3'->5')guanosine.